Understand the Expected Pattern of Development for Children and Oyung People from Birth - 19 Years

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Unit 331 outcome 1.1 explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years old. Age range | Social | Physical | Intellectual | Communication | Emotional | 0-3 months | Knows other exist but only in relation to fulfilling own needs (food, warmth, comforting) responds to smiles positively. | Sleeps a lot and grows at a fast rate. Can wave arms and kick legs around. Basic grasping objects. Attempts to roll from side to back. Will lift head if placed on tummy. | Can recognise primary caregivers. Will focus on familiar voices. They are egocentric. Explores by putting things in mouth | Will turn towards sounds. Crying is main form of communication and letting others know they want something, its up to you to find out what! Will make other noises (burbling, gurgling) and stop to listen while you talk to them. | Can become attached to primary caregiver(normally the mother). Can be upset by unfamiliar adults. Smiling is normally a way to initiate contact. | 3-9 months | Will respond positively to familiar adults. Can be wary of unfamiliar adults. Beginnings of self awareness | Can hold head up if on tummy. Can start to try roll over 360°. Can start crawling, standing and even using furniture to 'walk' around. Will start using fine motor skills to pick up objects. The mouth continues to be a good way to explore things. | Can follow objects they are not moving. Will anticipate familiar actions and games. Can start to look for objects that are hidden or out of sight. | Will copy your facial expressions. Can start making 1 syllable sounds daa, maa ect. Can reorganise familiar names. Will shout for attention! | The strong attachment to mother continues. Will distinguish between familiar adults and strangers. Can demonstrate like and dislike for food, toys ect. | 9-18
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