Understand the Context of Supporting Individuals with Learning Disabilities

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1) 1.1) Human rights act (1998), Mental Capacity Act (2005), Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act (2006) and the health and social care act are all different legislation that helps to protect and promote the rights of individuals with learning disabilities. Local authorities and your workplace will also have guidelines and policies that need to be followed. 1.2) The legislation and policies have a positive effect on the day to day lives of people with learning disabilities and their families. They now have far more rights, have a lot more say on their lives and are encouraged to make their own choices in life, to be able to take risks and choose where to live and manage their own finances where possible. 2) 2.1) Learning disability is defined as someone who has difficulty in learning skills and acquiring knowledge to the expected level of those of the same age. 2.2) Learning disabilities can be caused by many things. It can be before birth known as congenital causes like downes syndrome or fragile x syndrome, during birth caused by oxygen deprivation causing cerebral palsy. After birth things like illness (meningitis), accidents causing brain injury or environmental conditions with people being neglected or abused. 2.3) The medical model of disability is looked at as an individual problem. If someone has visual or hearing problems their disability is not being able to see or hear. The social model of disability was created by disabled people, mostly due to the way they felt they were treated by society. Through the social model disability is looked at as they are treated unequally and excluded from many things. 2.4) For people with learning disabilities about 50% the cause is not known. For people with profound disabilities the number is nearer to 25%. 2.5) Having a child with learning disabilities can affect family life in many different ways. 1 of

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