Health Chronic conditions such as asthma can cause children to have time off school, infections like meningitis causes development delay. Disability Cerebral palsy can result in brain damage and can cause problems with mobility. Sensory impairment Hearing difficulties are one of the most common causes of language delay and speech problems in young children. Learning difficulties Down syndrome can result in development delay , learning difficulties and health problems. Family background can effect a child's development by the family's values the culture and the way the child is encouraged and cared for all can effect the child development.
558 1.1 Explore Models of Disability. Medical Model of Disability: This came about in the 1960’s, with the belief that any problems lie with the person who has the disability. It also states that the person with the disability needs to accommodate society and change to fit in. People were not treated as individuals and had no self-worth as they were not seen as normal. There was a need to try and cure people with disabilities.
A learning disability happens when a persons brain development is affected, either before they are born, during their birth or in early childhood. Several factors can affect brain development including – ( the mother becoming ill during pregnancy. ( problems during the birth that may stop enough oxygen getting to the babies brain. ( the unborn baby developing certain genes. ( the parents passing certain genes to the unborn baby that make having a learning disability more likely.
In essence, this model focuses more on the negative attributes of people with disabilities. For instance, it highlights that people need caring for, have trouble going out, and things which suggest their disabilities are the problems. Also, non-disabled people decided what kinds of lives people with disabilities should have in terms of, what school they should go to, where they should live, or whether or not they should be employed. As we can see, people with disabilities had little control over their lives according to the medical model approach. In the 1960s, people with disabilities were mostly shut away meaning that there was no real need to make buildings wheelchair accessible.
Huntington also creates inability to enjoy life and lack of energy. Sometime delusions and hallucination, paranoia, and bad behavior occurs. After age 50 some people may suffer depression rather than anger or irritability. These symptoms affects many parts of the human body that why we need a medical answer to prevent and stop this disease. People in families with high percentages of Huntington don’t have a promising future even the children are at risk.
Learning Disabilities can also be defined as a variety of disorders that affect the acquisition, retention, understanding, organization or use of verbal and/or non-verbal information. 2.2 A learning disability happens when a person’s brain development is affected, either before they are born, during their birth or in early childhood. Examples of causes of Learning Disabilities include: • The mother becoming ill in pregnancy • Problems during birth that stop enough oxygen getting to the brain • The unborn baby developing certain genes • The parents passing certain genes to the unborn baby that make having a learning disability more likely. (known as inherited learning disability) • Illness such as
Introduction: Intussusception is a common gastrointestinal surgical emergency in the paediatric age population. This illness is a conversion in which a segment of the intestine (intussusceptum) telescopes into another adjacent distal portion of the intestine (intussuscipiens), causing bowel and ileocolic obstruction. Intussusception is considered a frequent cause of abdominal pain in paediatric patients and is also more common in children than in adults. Furthermore, its incidence varies between infants and neonates. It is well described in infants, with an incidence of 0.1 to 0.4 %, however it is not fully established in neonates.1, 2 In fewer than 10% of the cases, a surgical lead point can be determined as a plausible aetiology.
For example, an infant may be born prematurely, be exposed to drugs in the womb, or experience maternal deprivation. Children who are delayed developmentally often have low IQs, receive inadequate medical care, suffer from learning disabilities, live in poverty, and may experience trouble within diverse, bilingual cultures. Additionally, children who are born with low birth weights often have higher rates of illnesses including mental retardation, deafness, diabetes, muscular dystrophy, and other issues (Dunlap,
Many different models of disability have been studied over the last few years. The ones that are really shown or seen are the medical and social models. The Medical Model sees disability as being a personal problem while the social model sees disability as the defect in the society. While it isn’t hard to point out from which model a movie operates, what viewers don’t realize is that there are also different stereotypes that are put on the disabled people in the movie. These stereotypes are making them seem like a genius, a beast, that they can’t hold sexual relationships, and the butt of a joke.
MEDICAL MODEL / SOCIAL MODEL DEFINITIONS Impairment is the loss or limitation of physical, mental or sensory function on a long term, or permanent basis. Disablement is the loss or limitation of opportunities to take part in the normal life of the community on an equal level with others due to physical and social barriers. Disabled People's International 1981) Disabled People include people with: physical impairments; sensory impairments deaf people, blind people); chronic illness or health issues including HIV and AIDS; all degrees of learning difficulties and emotional and behavioral problems. It also includes people with hidden impairments such as epilepsy, diabetes, sickle cell anemia; specific learning difficulties such as dyslexia, speech and language impairments, children labeled as 'delicate'; people who identify as 'disfigured'; people of diminutive stature and people with mental distress. All are excluded by barriers though not all have impairments.