Someone who may have been very quiet can become loud and noisy. Temporal lobe - this is a part of the brain that controls language, emotion and memory. People may be unable to remember or recognise the words or sounds, may have difficulty joining in a conversation. People may become very angry or sad for no obvious reason. Pariental lobe - this is the part of the brain that controls the language we use, special awareness and recognition of places, objects and people.Any damage to this area means that people may begin to lose the skills they once had.
This can cause the individual to experience frustration and feelings of inadequacy. Individuals experiencing sensory loss cannot experience the full extent of the programme as they may miss information such as facial expressions. Individual with sensory loss can miss out on important information that people without sensory loss can take for granted. An example of this may be an individual with a visual impairment may not be able to read written material such as a bank statement. An individual with a hearing impairment could miss or miss hear information such as someone informing them of a danger they may be heading towards.
Many people, who are in some form visually impaired, lose the ability of seeing facial expressions, and gestures, which are important in spoken communication. 93% of communication is through body language, gestures and expressions and the other 7% is through spoken. Many of the visually impaired find it difficult to distinguish if someone is addressing them or someone else, or if the person speaking has wandered off, which of course is a negative impact on that person. Written communication is also difficult for a person with sight loss. This can be due to too small text, colour of the text, Shiny paper, centring and underlining of text.
Outcome 1 Understand the factors that impact on an individual with sensory loss (1, 2, 3) There are five senses these are; Sight, Hearing, Touch, Taste and Smell. Sensory loss is seen as a reduced ability to respond to stimuli that affect our senses, For example vision loss might mean that we cannot see a person across the street waving at us, hearing loss might result in us struggling to hear people speaking in a certain tone of voice. The impact of these losses can lead to social isolation, trauma, loneliness and feelings of depression or anxiety. There are many ways that someone could develop a sensory loss, the reasons are varied from being born with a condition (congenital) where the person maybe deaf or blind to having an accident/receiving a brain injury and losing their sense of smell, this we call Anosmia (the lack of or the inability to smell). Disease or illness also has an impact on sensory loss, a person who had previously been able to hear music, speech etc could become profoundly deaf as a result of infection which could be permanent or temporary.
It is a syndrome (a group of related symptoms) associated with on going decline of the brain and its abilities which include: • Memory loss • Thinking speed • Mental agility • Language • Understanding judgement • Increasing difficulties with tasks and activities that require concentration and planning • Depression • Changes in personality and mood • Periods of mental confusion • Difficulty finding the right words There are many different forms of dementia and they can all affect the way a person communicates. Therefore, in time, an individual with dementia may have to find different ways of communicating and expressing themselves and their feelings as well as people around them adapting the way they communicate with individuals with dementia. This can become very frustrating for the individual and for others around them such as family, friends and care staff who have direct contact with the individual. Your non-verbal communication will become important, your body language, facial expressions, gestures, eye contact and tone of voice will have to be taken into account when you are communicating with an individual with dementia. You must be aware that there will be changes in the way you communicate with an individual with dementia and in some cases
Explain Potential barriers to effective communication within a health and social care environment There are many reasons why interpersonal communication may fail in health and care setting. In many communications, the message may not be received exactly the way the writer intended. It is, therefore, important that the communicator finds feedback to check that their message is clearly understood. When it works well, communication helps establish trusting relationships, ensure information is passed and understood, and enriches people’s lives. But all too often good communication is hampered by barriers.
Even though the number of cases are high, a lot will go unnoticed this is because of a number of factors including not being able to communicate effectively, lack of education or understanding regarding sex and being socially isolated and not having a way of telling someone other than the abuser in confidence. Signs of sexual abuse are rectal or vaginal bleeding, change of appearance, physical injuries, STI'S self harming, depression, thoughts and attempts of suicide, bruising, soreness around genitals, loss of sleep and aversion to physical contact. Forms of Psychological or emotional abuse include threats of physical abuse or abandonment, being deprived of social or any other form of contact, humiliation, blaming, controlling, intimidation, coercion, harassment, verbal abuse and being prevented from receiving services or support. It is rare for someone to suffer psychological abuse on its own. It is often linked to financial abuse.
In the field of human services; communication is everything. Written communication, gestures, visual cues and speaking itself are all ways that human service workers need to be able to relate to patients and clients. Allowing yourself to become skilled at all types of communication will better help you, the human service worker, deal effectively with whomever it is you are working with. Communication is more than just speaking with someone. Many clients will have a hard time talking about issues and you may have to be able to look at their face or their eyes to see what it is they are trying to tell you.
They may find it difficult to carry out physical tasks due to sensory loss. A person is unique and may have had different life experiences which means the way dementia affects them is personal to them. They have different likes/ dislikes and needs so we must try to meet these the best we can. 1.3 A person with dementia may feel excluded from society because the way they are treated by other's. They may not be given the opportunity to be involved just because other's haven't got the time of day for them.
People who use services: •? May speak different languages •? Can have hearing loss or limited vision •? May find it difficult to speak •? May have limited understanding These people may have difficulty communicating with care workers; this is a barrier, which needs to be overcome.