Understand Mental Health

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Understand mental health problems 1.1 According to the psychiatric classification system there are 7 main types of mental ill health disorder. These are: Mood disorders – is a disorder that involves persistent feelings of sadness or moments of feeling extreme happiness to extreme sadness. The most common mood disorders are depression and bipolar disorder. Personality disorders – people with personality disorders have extreme personality traits that are distressing to the person and cause problems in work, school or social relationships. The person’s patterns of thinking and behaviour differ from the expectations in society and they interfere with the persons normal functioning. Examples of this are paranoid personality disorder, obsessive compulsive personality disorder and antisocial personality disorder. Anxiety disorders – People with anxiety disorders respond to certain objects or situations with fear and dread. This can be mild or severe. The person may suffer with responses that are un appropriate in certain situations as well as the usual signs (rapid heartbeat, sweating and nervousness. Anxiety disorders include post-traumatic stress, obsessive compulsive disorder and phobias. Psychotic disorders - involve distorted awareness and thinking. People experience images and sounds that are not real. The ill people believe they are true despite being shown evidence. Schizophrenia is an example of this disorder. Substance related disorders – These are disorders of dependence, intoxication, abuse and substance withdrawal caused by legal and illegal substances. Eating disorders – involve extreme emotions, attitudes and behaviours involving weight and food. Anorexia and bulimia are the most common. Cognitive disorder – are a category of mental health disorders that affect the learning, memory and problem solving. These include dementia and
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