Understand Individuals with Dementia

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Unit 366 Understand and meet the nutritional requirements of individuals with dementia Outcome 1 1 Describe how cognitive, functional and emotional changes associated with dementia can affect eating, drinking and nutrition. Cognitive(thought processing) problems- affecting people's memory, their ability to learn new things, their understanding and problem solving ability. Dementia is brought about by a section of the brain being effected by the cells dying. This will effect the memory and all that we have learnt from birth, how to talk, eat and function in a normal way becomes almost impossible. This means for the individual who has dementia, that the means and importance of food can be forgotten or that they just forget that they are hungry, or forget to eat what has been prepared. The same applies to drinking. With old people who are prone to malnutrition and dehydration this can become more of a problem with dementia putting their health at risk. Functional change is losing ability to remember how to eat using cutlery. Instead some people find it easier to pick up food by hand, so finger food should be provided. This might be a good way to avoid confusion and distress for the individual. If a person finds it easier food should be laid out for the individual to promote their dignity. Emotional change can be negative emotions about the confused state when individuals may not understand that there is something wrong, but behaviour of others may lead them to feeling something is wrong,which often causes stress to the individual with dementia. 2 Explain how poor nutrition can contribute to an individual's experience of dementia. Poor nutrition can make the symptoms of dementia worse,increase risk of more frequent infections requiring use of antibiotics. Malnutrition also affects the immune system making it more difficult to fight off infections. Effects
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