Instead, some people find easier to pick up food by hand, so finger food should be provided. This might be a good way to avoid confusion and distress for a client. If person finds it easier food should be laid out for a client promoting their dignity. Emotional change can be negative emotions about the confused state when individual may not understand that there is something wrong, but behaviour of others may lead them to feeling something is wrong, which often causes stress to individual with dementia. 2.
Unit 49;Understand and meet the nutritional requirements of individuals with dementia. 1) Understand the nutritional needs that are unique to individuals with dementia. 1.1) Describe how cognitive, functional, and emotional changes associated with dementia can affect eating, drinking and nutrition; Symptoms associated with dementia, can have detrimental effect on individuals, if they are not addressed and resolved. In some individuals, cognitive impairments interfere with the sequences and patterns associated with completing tasks, so, remembering how to use items such as cutlery, drinking cups etc, and the order, or way in which to use them are lost. It can mean that tasks such as making a cup of tea, or a sandwich can no longer be completed.
Each service user is different and they all like/ dislike different foods. Some service users are able to tell staff as to what they do and don’t like. As for some individuals have difficulties explaining things, but some information like this will more than likely be found on their own care plan. Also some service users may have other things to be aware of such as diabetes eating less sugary things or bad oral hygiene not allowing them to eat solid foods. In this case I would seek guidance for their care plan and GP as to what is acceptable for them to be having.
UNDERSTAND THE NUTRITIONAL NEEDS THAT ARE UNIQUE TO INDIVIDUALS WITH DEMENTIA 1.1 Describe how cognitive, functional and emotional changes associated with dementia can affect eating, drinking and nutrition Cognitive(thought processing) problems – affecting people’s memory, their ability to learn new things, their understanding, and problem solving ability Cognitive behaviour is dysfunctional emotions and behaviours caused by dis-functioning brain. Dementia is brought about by section of the brain being effected by the cells dying. This will effect, the memory and all that we have learnt from birth; how to talk, eat and function in a normal way becomes almost impossible. This means for the individual who has dementia that the means and importance of food can be forgotten or that they just forget that they are hungry or forget to eat what have been prepared. The same will apply to drinking.
Often just knowing that we are thirsty as opposed to hungry will lead to a better choice being made in selecting drink over food. As cognitive function deteriorates in the dementia patient these decisions are obviously effected more so. In the extreme a dementia patient will not realise that they are dehydrated or that they are hungry and will go without food and drink for longer periods then perhaps is healthy unless they are prompted by their carers to receive nutrition This factor must also be balanced against the fact that older, sentient, people often need less food and drink then younger more active people and a good carer will also be conscious of this Dementia can effect the choices that a person makes on the type of food they want to eat. For example we have a lady called Joyce who prefers foods (and drinks) that are white. (She also prefers her chair to be white so you can see the level of dementia being dealt with here).
Some of these are simple such as ensuring the environment is safe and hygienic for them to eat. You can do this by keeping it clean and pleasant. To make sure that the consumption of food is enjoyable you can make sure that all of their needs are being met. A bad example would be if a service user needs their food cutting up because of arthritis etc, you shouldn’t assume that they also need feeding as this is taking their dignity away from them. 222.4.1- Because by doing so we are valuing the individual and checking this with them, otherwise they may feel rushed or not relaxed to take their time whilst eating and drinking.
Unit 57- Support individuals to eat and drink 1. Describe ways to resolve any difficulties or dilemmas about the choice of food and drink (1.1.3) Some people might refuse to eat the food that have been given to them. They may have difficulty in eating and may be given food in a liquidised form or soft diet as this could be what it states in their care plan. If someone is on one of these diets then they may not be able to choose what they want to eat, this can cause problems between the service user and supporting staff members. This can be resolved by reporting the issue to your senior member of staff on shift or your manager.
These include Alzheimer’s, Vascular, Fronto-Temporal and Dementia with Lewy Bodies. Alzheimer’s is the most common form of Dementia and can lead to changes in the brains structure ad death of nerve cells. This disrupts the brains usual activity and capacity. With Alzheimer’s there is a shortage of chemicals within the brain and these lead to the symptoms of memory loss, difficulty walking, repeating themselves, poor judgement, losing interest and finding it hard to adapt to change. In the middle stages of Alzheimer’s individuals will need more support to help them eat, wash, dress and use the toilet.
Erica Douglas 1st 2nd period * Dysphagia means having difficulty in swallowing and can even experience pain while swallowing. Some people might be completely unable to swallow or could have trouble safely swallowing liquids, foods, or saliva. When that happens, eating becomes a harder. Dysphagia makes it difficult to take in enough calories and fluids to nourish the body and can lead to additional serious medical problems. Dysphagia happens when there is a problem with the neural control or the structures involved in any part of your swallowing process.
People have the choice to reduce risk factors for illness and injuries. Personality traits and illness are linked by consciousness, emotions and reactions and describe behavior and mental processes. (Sarafino, 2011) For example, developing habits like overeating will be harmful and cause Obesity or Diabetes, but people do it anyway because they enjoy it. Excessive drinking, drug abuse, eating or smoking can hinder how well specific tasks are carried out. Unhealthy habits can lead someone to feel more irritable and lose their focus at work.