Children under the age of seven in general learn to share and take the responsibilities but taking turns in group activities could be challenging at times and need adult’s assistances to resolve the disputes. As the children progress into teens ages 12-19, they become more independent and start distancing themselves from their adults and finding more comfort and acceptances among their friends and same age groups’ peers. The physical development starts rapidly in the beginning of the child’s development. Within few weeks of birth, the child begins to respond to the sound of the environment around them. By the time the child becomes 1 year, it start beginning to crawl, to stand with the support and the first teeth might start appearing too.
At birth babies depend on reflexes for movements to enable them feed or grasp whenever they touch something. By age one; they have much more control over their bodies. They are beginning to crawl, shuffle, pulling or pushing on things to stand etc. Between 1 and 2 years Walking will begin and toys will be pulled or pushed along whilst walking. They enjoy trying to feed themselves with finger foods.
In this stage toddlers will start showing more independence. Toddlers will also be able to remember and recognise the names of familiar people and objects, as well as forming simple phrases, sentences and follow simple instructions. Lastly in their third year of life skills such as taking turns, playing pretend, and kicking a ball. Toddlers will experience a different method of thinking, learning, social, and emotional changes will help them explore their new world and make sense of it. Also in this stage the children will begin to follow more complex directions, sorting objects by shape and color, imitate actions of adults and playmates, and express a variety of emotions.
It may also occur as a result of human nature and our ability to learn from our environment. Human beings have a keen sense to adapt to their surroundings and this is what child development encompasses. Each child usually develops at the same rate as another child. |Age |Intellectual |Social / Emotional |Language |Gross motor |Fine Motor | |Infant – Birth to |Learns about things with |Attaches to mother and |Vocalises, squeals |Lifts head first then |Reaches for objects| |one year |hands and mouth |father, begins to |and imitates sounds, |chest, rolls over, pulls|and picks up small | | |
During this time the infant will sleep much of the time and will grow quite fast. They will try to lift their heads and start to kick their legs and wave arms. They will begin to hold objects when they are placed in the hand for example a rattle, they will also put them into their mouths. The grasp reflex will lessen as hand and eye coordination begins to develop. Become more alert when awake and learn to roll from side to back.
A child’s development will usually follow the same pattern, but the age at which they will reach ‘milestones’ in their development will vary depending on a variety of personal and external factors. All children will develop at different rates, but the sequence of development will be roughly the same. A child has to master a basic skill before they can move on to the next stage, such as rolling over leading to crawling, then to pulling themselves up onto furniture before they can master walking. Teaching practices aimed at child development should seek to simultaneously address each of the developmental areas. To develop to their fullest potential, children need a huge amount of support and guidance from others in their lives; failure to meet all of the needs of a baby or child can have serious consequences on his or her development.
Babies at around this mile stone will also be able to point to objects and deliberately throw objects. From the age of around 9 months babies will stand by themselves and move around the room by holding on to the furniture and eventually walk without being assisted. Communication and intellectual development. The pattern that babies intellectually developer and communicate if firstly by crying when they need something such as feeding or they in pain. They will learn to coo and turn their heads to the direction of the sound.
Teaching Assistant Level 3 Assignment 1 – L/601/1693 Understanding How Children and Young people Develop Question 1.1: Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years: All babies, children and young people develop at a varied rate however the order in which they advance does not tend to differ. Typically children’s development would progress from: Head to Toe Inner to Outer Simple to Complex General to Specific The sequence of children’s development is divided into five different aspects: Social Development Physical Development Intellectual Development Communication and linguistic Development Emotional Development To better explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development they are categorised into the five aspects and by age: Social Development 0 - 3 Years: A baby will usually cry to seek attention; it is their way of communicating a need. Whilst growing they become attached to their parent/carer, this is known as the attachment cycle; a healthy attachment as a baby is proven to be beneficial to social skills. Infants experience instant intense emotions for example; very happy, very scared, very angry etc. By the age of nine months an infant can be wary of strangers and frequently seek their caregiver for reassurance.
The same is said for the development of emotional and social expectations for a child. Unlike physical development milestones, social, emotional and behavior development has much harder to observe. New skill such as self-awareness can be tough to spot, and others can be difficult or even impossible to see directly, this is mainly due to the child entering a school environment then these social and emotional skills become more important. The first three months from birth, babies are learning about themselves and every person around them. They start looking at their own hands and feet, sucking on their fingers, this also helps them to understand how the legs and arms are attached to the babies body.
Every child develops at a different rate, however there is a basic order in which development occurs in children and through which progress can be measured and assessed. A child’s development generally occurs in the following ways From head to toe From inner to outer From simple to complex From general to specific A child’s development can be further broken down in to the following areas: Physical Development Social and emotional Development Intellectual Development Language Development. All these areas of development are as important as the others and they all intertwine and impact on the others. Development moves quickly in early years with the milestones being close together. Physical Development Within weeks of birth, a baby starts to smile in response to sounds and environments around him.