Understand Child and Young Person Development Qcf Unit 343

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Unit 343 Outcome 1 Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth – 19 years 1. Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years: Here are some of the general milestones which are suggestive of the sequence of development in children and teenagers Birth – 1 Month • Sleeps 20 hours a day • Crying – main form of communication (fosters early interaction) • Begins to have distinct facial expressions • Moves around more • Focuses both eyes together • Can detect smells • Sensitive to touch • Uses reflexes • Focuses on source of sound 2 – 3 Months • Visual and oral exploration • Cries, coos, and grunts • Emotional distress • Smiles at a face (social smiling) • Imitates some movements and facial expressions • Begins to realize he/she is a separate person from others • Can be comforted by a familiar adult • Can respond positively to touch 4 – 6 Months • Babbling • Feeds 3-5 times a day • Control of head and arm movements • Recognizes parents • Distinguishes familiar people • Pays attention to own name • Reaches, grasps, and puts objects in mouth • Laughs 7 – 9 Months • Sits without support • Crawls • Emotional attachment to parents • Separation anxiety • Distinguishes between living and non-living objects • Aware that objects exist even when out of sight (object permanence) 10 – 12 Months • Controls legs/feet • Can stand • Responds to simple commands • Responds to own name • Throws objects • Mimics simple actions • Says first real word 1 – 1 ½ Years • Walks unaided • Feeds himself/herself • Obeys commands • Repeats words • Understands many words, simple phrases, and directions 1 ½ – 2 years • Runs • Toilet training • Vocabulary of more than 200 words • Temper tantrums • Does opposite of what is told • Expresses negative feelings •
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