1.1 | |motor skills | | age ranges |milestone 1 |milestone 2 | |0-2 months |When the baby is on |Their gross motor skills | | |their stomach they |will be devolving still | | |will be able to ever|however young they are, | | |so slightly cock |these shows with the | | |their head to the |newborns legs will be able| | |side. |to be pulled against | | | |themselves. | |3-5 months |have better control |Be able to prop their arms| | |over their limbs |up when on their chest. | |6-8 months |will be able to hold|Will pull themselves up to| | |on tight to things |sitting whilst lying on | | |especially to the |their backs. | | |parents or | | | |significant | | | |influence fingers | | |9-11 months |will be able to pull|Child will begin to crawl | | |themselves up |and will begin to crawl | | | |more often independently.
By the age of six months a circadian rhythm has become recognized. By the age of five, children have EEG patterns like those of adults but they are still sleeping more and having more REM activity (for brain development). During childhood, the need for sleep decreases, but in adolescence increases, to about 9/10 hours a night. Circadian rhythms change so that teenagers feel naturally awake later at night and have more difficulty getting up early. Adult sleep is typically about eight hours a night, with 25% REM sleep.
Assignment * Complete the 5 tables attached, showing the sequence and rate of development for children and young people from birth to 19 years. Date Table 1 – Physical development Age Range | Explain the sequence and rate of development | 0-3 months | * From birth reflexes turn head to suckle when cheek is touched. * Flex fingers, arms, legs. * At four weeks she can follow light as it moves. * The ability to move head and limbs * Fingers grasp * Legs make a ‘stepping’ movement when held upright.
Unit 331 learning outcome 1 Child and young person development Physical development | Communication development | Social, emotional, behavioural and moral development | Birth to 3 years | New born babies depend on reflexes such as suckling, crying and grasping. By the 1st year they gain more control and are usually rolling over and crawling. By age 2 years they learn how to pull themselves up and begin to walk and talk. They begin to hold small things and attempt to sell feed and dress themselves, as well experience climbing and playing with a lot more choice of toys. | They have eye contact and smile, crying and they react to tone of voice.
At birth babies depend on reflexes for movements to enable them feel or grasp when touching something. By 6 months a child will: * Turn their head toward sounds and movement * watch an adult's face when feeding * smile at familiar faces and voices - reach up to hold feet when lying on their backs * look and reach for objects * hold and shake a rattle * put everything in their mouths. Between 6 months and 1 year: * Move from sitting with support to sitting alone. * Roll over from their tummy to their back. * Begin to creep, crawl or shuffle on their bottom.
Unit 22 1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years. The sequence of children’s development for each age is divided into five different aspects: Physical; Social, Emotional and behavioural; Communication and language; Intellectual and cognitive. PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 0 – 3 Years Physical development at this stage is usually very rapid. At birth babies depend on reflexes for movements to enable them feed or grasp whenever they touch something. By age one; they have much more control over their bodies.
By 6 months as they become stronger and muscles develop they will reach for and hold objects as well as putting fists, and objects into their mouths. Solids will be introduced at this stage giving them a chance to enjoy and become aware of different tastes and smells.By one year almost all babies will be able to sit unaided as well as rolling from their front to their back and will have progressed on to crawling and even shuffleing being able to pull or push on furniture to stand and walk around furniture or hold on to an adult for support. Some babies will have learnt to walk too all of these making them more mobile as they become more inquisitive with objects, passing them between hands, handling them in different ways and looking for things that are hiding. Their hand to eye co-ordination improves as items are passed from hand to hand. Their first teeth will have appeared and chunkier solid foods will be fully underwaymay as a baby enjoys having finger food.Between
| | Communication | From birth, babies will be able show a sign of communication by ‘crying’ and even ‘smiling’. Some are able to respond to adults by ‘cooing’.By 12 months of age, most babies will be able to respond to their own name. Begins babbling sounds, e.g. dadada.By 18 months, will be able to respond to words such as, ‘bye’. Be able to say ‘mama’ or ‘dada’, recognising their parents.
Physical development b. Communication and intellectual development c. Social, emotional and behavioural development. Birth – 3 Months • Sleeps 20 hours a day • Crying – main form of communication (fosters early interaction) • Begins to have distinct facial expressions • Moves around more • Focuses both eyes together • Can detect smells • Sensitive to touch • Uses reflexes • Focuses on source of sound • Visual and oral exploration • Cries, coos, and grunts • Emotional distress • Smiles at a face (social smiling) • Imitates some movements and facial expressions • Begins to realize he/she is a separate person from others • Can be comforted by a familiar adult • Can respond positively to touch 3 – 9 Months • Babbling • Feeds 3-5 times a day • Control of head and arm movements • Recognizes parents • Distinguishes familiar people • Pays attention to own name • Reaches, grasps, and puts objects in mouth • Laughs • Sits without support • Crawls • Emotional attachment to parents • Separation anxiety • Distinguishes between living and non-living objects • Aware that objects exist even when out of sight (object permanence) 9 – 18 Months • Controls legs/feet • Can stand • Responds to simple commands • Responds to own name • Throws objects • Mimics simple actions • Says first real word • Walks unaided • Feeds himself/herself • Obeys commands • Repeats words • Understands many words, simple phrases, and directions 1 ½ – 2 years • Runs • Toilet training • Vocabulary of more than 200 words • Temper tantrums • Does opposite of what is told • Expresses negative feelings
TDA 2.1 Child and young person development Learning outcome 1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years, to include: Physical development Communication and intellectual development Social, emotional and behavioural development Birth- Babies are expected to be born around 40 weeks of pregnancy. On average 3% of babies arrive on time. Babies that are born less than 37 weeks into pregnancy are known as premature. 'Premature babies are likely to need a little more time to reach the same levels of development as babies who are born at around 40 weeks' (Tassoni 2010) There are three main stages developments of child development. These are:- Physical Communication/Intellectual Social/Emotional/Behavioural Physical Babies are born with a number of different movements which are known as reflexes.