Understand Child and Young Person Development

721 Words3 Pages
Understand child and young person development Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth – 19 years. 1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years. The term ‘development’ refers not to the physical growth of the children, but to the skills and knowledge that they are developing. Obviously, the two are interconnected as growth impacts enormously on children’s development, so neural growth affects the way that children are able to think. It is usual when looking at child development to divide it into the following areas. Physical development – This area of development is about learning how to master physical movements. It is usually subdivided into fine motor skills, gross motor movements and locomotive movements. Physical development allows children to gain independence. Cognitive development – This area of development is also known as intellectual development. It is a huge area, as it encompasses the way in which the brain processes information. Imagination is also a cognitive skill. Cognitive development is strongly linked to communication and language development. Communication – This area of development is about learning to communicate with other people and understanding their communications. Talking, reading and writing and also use of gestures are all examples of skills that most children learn. Communication and language development are linked to cognitive development because more sophisticated communication involves thinking about what others are trying to convey as well as thinking about what you are trying to express. Social and emotional development – This area of development is about relationships and also about understanding oneself. Being able to feel sorry for someone or knowing what behaviour is acceptable are examples of skills that children
Open Document