These methods of communication can be useful for building vocabularies of individuals with limited speech. Other individuals may have a vast vocabulary, but due to rigid sets of interests may only use repetitive speech which means their communication can be out of context, making conversations difficult. 2. - Problems that individuals with an autistic spectrum condition may have in social interaction and relationships Due to the social difficulties linked with autism, individuals often find social interaction and the building of relationships very difficult. Individuals with autism often have difficulties reading non-verbal forms of communication, such as body language, and find it hard to relate to other people’s feelings and emotions, which can effect their responses to a social situation as they will appear out of context or inappropriate.
Some of the symptoms of distress are mumbled/garbled speech or stammering, anxiety, anger, aggressive body language and concentrating problems. These are barriers that impact on effective communication, leading to misunderstanding on both sides. If you are the person in distress, you cannot hear or able to understand the whole picture because of the vicious cycle mentioned above. Individuals who are distressed will not be able to concentrate properly or focus fully, therefore their communication skills will be negatively affected. Whenever an individual becomes distressed they may experience the sense of "self" being compromised, as in low self esteem, effective communication may suffer as an individual feels withdrawn or stressed.
Individual’s self-esteem can be low, and their body language may be closed or negative, this can make communication difficult with an individual whom is distressed because you may not get any feed back from them, or you may not get a change to talk or be listened to to help them. The individual may even talk a different language or revert back to their mother tongue, which can cause a communication barrier. Also if the individual has a learning disability they may not understand how/why they are feeling, or may not know how to express it. 1.4 Explain how working with an individual who is distressed may impact on own well-being. Working with a person whom is distressed can also be distressing for the person caring and comforting
Visual impairments can also be difficult in these situations and may affect a person’s ability to read body language, facial expressions and see gestures. Persons who have dual sensory loss will find it extremely difficult and be frustrated during day to day tasks. It can lead to loss of interests in activities and in some case may cause a person to have little or no contact with the world around them. It can have serious effects if a person misinterprets what they are being spoken to about by their family, friends and possibly medical professionals. Persons with hearing impairments would need to focus on reading lips and body language to uphold conversations just as people with visual impairments would rely on their hearing to be able to function effectively within society.
Dementia is a syndrome associated with an ongoing decline of the brain and its abilities. This includes problems with: * memory loss * thinking speed * mental agility * language * understanding * judgment People with dementia can lose interest in their usual activities, and have problems controlling their emotions. They may also find social situations challenging, lose interest in socializing, and aspects of their personality may change. A person with dementia may lose empathy (understanding and compassion), they may see or hear things that other people do not (hallucinations), or they may make false claims or statements. As dementia affects a person's mental abilities, they may find planning and organizing difficult.
They may find it difficult to carry out physical tasks due to sensory loss. A person is unique and may have had different life experiences which means the way dementia affects them is personal to them. They have different likes/ dislikes and needs so we must try to meet these the best we can. 1.3 A person with dementia may feel excluded from society because the way they are treated by other's. They may not be given the oppourtunity to be involved just because other's haven't got the time of day for them.
Unit 28 – Introduction to Autism 1. Individual's with autism may experience different types of difficulty with language and communication. This presents itself by individual's not understanding tone and body language and not being able to pick up on subtleties in conversation such as gesture's or facial expression. Other difficulties could also come from distractions in the immediate area such as passing traffic or other external factors. Individual's on the autistic spectrum may struggle with relationship's and social interaction due to difficulties with communication.
Although at times these labels may be accurate, many of us determine early in an interaction or presentation that we don’t understand the subject, don’t like the person, or find lit-tle of interest or importance in the message. We then tune out the speaker and spend our time thinking about other matters. By not listening to the message, we have no way to assess accurately the value of what we might have heard. Barrier Two: Emotionally Resisting Messages. Often we react quickly to emotionally charged words or subjects.
Outcome 3 3.1 Explain what is meant by the term dysphasia Dysphasia is a partial or total impairment of language and ability to communicate. 3.2 Explain what is meant by the term dysarthria Dysarthria is a problem with speech caused by disturbance of muscular control. 3.3 Describe the communication challenges presented to the individual and the self by dysphasia Dysphasic individuals struggle to understand what people say and may forget parts of sentences or have difficulty understanding long or complicated sentences. They may also struggle to find the right words and express themselves. dysarthria Dysarthric individuals struggle to speak properly and may have hoars, excessively loud/quiet or nasal-sounding speech.