Unconstitutional Essay

1372 WordsApr 19, 20116 Pages
Ruth R Williams Joseph Bennett English 101-047 6 December 2010 Unconstitutional (Weignroff) On July 16, 1944, a young Irene Morgan was riding a Greyhound bus in Gloucester County bound for Baltimore via Washington, D.C. Taking a seat in the back of the bus as required by local and State Jim Crow laws, Irene was able to ride seated until some white passengers joined the group on the bus and needed a seat. Irene was told to give her seat up and she refused. Subsequently because of her refusal Irene was arrested, tried and convicted of violating a state law. A ten dollar fine was imposed and refused to be paid. Deciding that the punishment was not fair she appealed to the state appellate court. Unfortunately the state appellate court upheld the conviction and the ten dollar fine. Lawyers for the NAACP took on Morgan’s case the following year. Several lawyers for the NAACP asked the U.S. Supreme Court to hear their argument which states that the laws requiring segregation on interstate transportation placed an unwarranted burden on interstate commerce and were a violation of the Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution. Victory came on June 3, 1946, when a unanimous verdict came down. The U.S. Supreme Court reversed the Virginia appellate court decision. Virginia state law and all similar Jim Crow laws in other states were interstate segregation was enforced was now made illegal. Even though this law was passed the people still needed to be educated about their rights. To educate the people and test the law members of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), the Fellowship of Reconciliation and sixteen interracial passengers took a “Journey of Reconciliation” in April of 1947. (Catsam) Several years later in 1958 a young student by the name of Bruce Boyton took a trip home to Montgomery, Alabama on the Trailways bus transportation. When the bus stopped in Richmond
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