During Lenin’s reign as leader of the party, Stalin was seen as a ‘grey blur’ in the background of political proceedings. This was not the same for his colleagues; Tomsky, Bukharin and Rykov were adamantly right wing whereas Trotsky, Kamenev and Zinoviev were all extremely left wing. Stalin, however, appeared to little to no opinions on these factions. Throughout the next five years, he would use this trait to his advantage, seeking to join one side of the arguments in order to rid himself of some of his rivals, then repeat the process until only he was left standing. This particular political skill would become one of the key factors in his rise to power.
This meant that the House of Lords could no longer veto money bills and could only delay public bills for up to two years. The House of Lords initially tried to reject this bill. The reigning monarch, George V threatened to create sufficient Liberal peers to overcome the present Conservative majority if the bill was not passed however. The House of Lords scared of losing their Conservative
The man who started it all was Porfirio Díaz. Díaz seemed promising at the time of his election in 1877, but he quickly turned into a power hungry dictator that would defy the constitution and refuse to relinquish his presidential power for seven terms. Alan Knight wrote in his article entitled THE MEXICAN REVOLUTION, “Like many of Mexico’s nineteenth-century rulers, Díaz was an army officer who had come to power by a coup. Unlike his predecessors, however, he established a stable political system, in which the formally representative Constitution of 1857 was bypassed, local political bosses (caciques) controlled elections, political opposition, and public order, while a handful of powerful families and their clients monopolized economic and political provinces. The whole system was fuelled and lubricated by the new money pumped into the economy by rising foreign trade and investment.” (p.29) Because only a small group controlled the government and elections, Díaz was able to imprison or disempower political opponents, and fabricate election results.
One way in which a President leaves office is if they are not re-elected. The president serves a fixed-term of four years and then faces re-election. If he does not win the election then he will obviously not stay in office, for example Jimmy Carter (77-81) who only served one term and then was defeated by Ronald Reagan in the Presidential election. If the incumbent wins the election then he is President again for again the fixed term of 4 years. However after Roosevelt (33-45) the 22nd amendment (1951) was brought in which limited a President to two terms.
The age requirement is needed so that we do not have an immature president. Not that 35 is the magic number, but a 20 year old president usually hasn’t experienced enough in life. The president must understand how the people of the U.S. work and the governmental system they live in. By living in America for 14 years, the president knows the systems of the U.S. therefore they can find proper solutions on the main issues of the country. If a man met all the other requirements except for residing in America for 14 years, let’s say for 5 years, he wouldn’t be able to find the best solutions for our country.
Alexander III re-implements Tsarist form, through the use of repression and terror. At the end of the Crimean War, Alexander II realised that Russia was no longer a great military power. His advisers argued that a backwards economy which is reliant on the serfs could not compete with modernized powers such as Britain and France. He also became increasingly unpopular at this time, meaning he needed to do something
Even though Roosevelt and Wilson were both supportive of the progressive movement, they ran for President under two completely different parties, and this was not their only difference. Woodrow Wilson, the former president of Princeton University, was the son of a minister and was soft-spoken. He was a quiet, intellectual man who had a distinguished education behind him, attending Princeton, then Johns Hopkins University where he earned his PhD in history. Wilson’s political aspirations afforded him a landslide victory in the 1912 election for President with 42 percent of the popular vote. His “New Freedom” platform included lower tariffs, a national income tax, a Federal Reserve System and antitrust laws.
This proves the political instability of Germany in this period as they were the largest party in the Reichstag but still refused to cooperate. This need for the parties to agree cause germanys politics to become unstable yet again because they were unable to agree of unemployment benefits and foreign policy. This led the voter moving to more extremist parties like the KPD who had 10.6% of the vote in 1923. The election of president Hindenburg did not have a positive effect as he was very anti socialists, resulting in him excluding the SPD from the coalition despite their majority and including the DNVP to limit the coverage of the political spectrum in the hope his policies would pass quicker. In terms of economic development, the Dawes and the Young plan definitely helped develop and rebuild Germany’s economy, however there are other factors which counteracted them, making them less effective.
How far were the divisions amongst its opponents responsible for the survival of Tsarist Rule 1881-1905 In the years 1881-1905 the Tsarist regime was faced large amounts of opposition from many people. The lower classes caused uprisings, their aims to remove the Tsar from power, while some educated middle class went on strike in an attempt to reform the regime. Many people were revolting and 3 main political groups emerged. The divides in these political groups were heavily responsible for the survival of the Tsarist rule, however there were other factors responsible such as the repression in Russia, which lead to the eventual removal of all opposition groups, and the loyalty of the Tsars supporters, which meant that his power was still stronger than the opposition he was facing. One of the main reasons the Tsarist rule continued during the tome 1881 until 1905 was due to the splits in the political groups.
The fall of the Tsar in Russia in 1917 was the culmination of many factors. It was clear since the beginning of his reign that Nicholas II was not suited to his role as Tsar, mainly due to his character and personality. Although Nicholas II issued the October Manifesto to pacify the discontent of people temporarily, he still had to face some problems after the 1905 Revolution. To regain the support from people, he needed to carry out the reforms in the October Manifesto. His reform included different aspect; such as political, social and economic.