Many EMG children also do not have that initial push of how important education is for them. They may have a fatalistic view on where they see themselves fitting into to society which may rub on to their children. Sugarman did a lot of research on this and found it as being one of the top reasons why children can fail in education. Children who believe their future is already predetermined will not put as much focus on education as they think they will only get working-class jobs. As parents may be new to the UK or not speak English they may not understand the educational system and the application process.
For example black pupils are often seen as disruptive. Gilborn and Youdell (2000) found that teachers were quicker to discipline black pupils than others for the same behaviour. They argue that this is the result of teachers ‘racialised expectations’. They found that teachers expected black pupils to present more discipline problems and misinterpreted their behaviour as threatening or as a challenge to authority. In turn, black pupils felt teachers underestimated their ability and picked on them.
This is because if the parents lacks this they wouldn't be able to encourage and help their child with their studies in the same way others do. This affects working class children more because their parents tend to be less well-educated and reduces the child's chance of achieving high in life as they may become less developed than another family leading onto my next point involving Bernstein. However, you this is criticisms by the fact working class parents cannot help their child because they have to work long and tiresome hours to live a decent life. Therefore, you cannot blame all working class parents for having a lack of interest if they are working to pay bills. Another cultural factor that might affect educational chances was argued by Bernstein.
Considering this, there are also increasing differences between adults and children in terms of neglect and abuse. Marxists also believe that the type of childhood someone gets depends on their social class and ethnicity, implying that the middle class will give their children a better upbringing than a family of the working class.
Teachers often misinterpreted their behaviour as threatening when no threat was intended. When teachers acted upon this, pupils responded negatively and further conflict resulted. Gilborn concluded that much of the conflict between white teachers and black pupils stems from racial stereotypes teachers hold rather than the pupils’ actual behaviour. Teachers were less likely to see pupils from other ethnic backgrounds as a threat or to punish them, even if they behaved in the same way as the black pupils. The term ethnocentric describes an attitude or policy that gives priority to the culture of one particular ethnic group while disregarding others.
Stereotypes could be a form of prejudice if they are negative generalizations. Discrimination is caused by a number of reasons, one of which is learned behavior. If you grew up seeing discrimination practiced by your parents, you will probably follow the same mind-set. This does not mean that everyone who has prejudice or parents that discriminate will also be growing up. If that is all they are taught then most likely they will also be prejudice or discriminate.
Grades do show the level of your understanding of a subject, but, they should not be everything. There is too much emphasis placed on grades! Just because one student is an A student does not mean that student is the only capable student. Depriving a child of an education is just plain terrible. Why should a willing child be
Functionalists believe that education is crucial in order to have a smooth-running and efficient society. So, without an effective education system, they think that society would not work, and so for factionalists, education has a very positive role to play. On the other hand, Marxists believe that society is not based on agreement and harmony, but instead is split by divisions of inequalities in terms of power, money and status. For Marxists education is a tool of domination used by the ruling class to keep the masses in their place. Education is good for the powerful people, but unfortunately education does not have many benefits at all for the working class; it is just a way of controlling us.
One example of how uniforms restrict learners is that "without the outlet of expression in their clothes, students may turn to inappropriate hair styles, jewelry, or makeup". So by restricting students of their clothing choice, they will still find a way to show their personality in their makeup, jewelry, and hairstyles. As stated by the Public School Review, under the First Amendment, it argues that uniforms stifle (restrain) children who feel robbed of their individualism. In addition uniforms create a false sense of security. Even if uniforms decrease violence and everyone is treated equal, the outside world does not run as orderly and smoothly as it would in a school.
Moreover, students have a strict time table in which they have to follow, and permission would have to be acquired before they can conduct the questionnaires. Although, you have to ensure you promise confidentiality when doing a study such as truancy. However, if you promise the recipient anonymity, you can be sure that they’ll be more honest and open about their answer. This would increase validity, and make the data collated more useful for the sociologist. Although it wouldn’t be helpful to the school as they wouldn’t be able to see from that data who the truant students are.