Kostadinov goes on to note that most cyberterrorism actions are generally focused on website sabotage and email blasting. In order to prove that the network breach was a terrorist attack the company would need to provide electronic evidence of these types of information warfare. Information warfare is a term often used interchangeably with cyberterrorism but provides a deeper understanding in the shift of how data has become fundamental to society. As governments, companies and people shift to the use of digital information so have the methods used to attack (Gilmer, 2001). In order to combat this aspect of terrorism, the military have adopted computer forensics as part of their defenses (Vacca & Rudolph, 2011).
United States. Brandon Mayfield was detained for being falsely accused of involvement with the 2004 Madrid train bombings due to an erroneously read fingerprint (Mayfield v. United States, 2010). Authorities jumped the gun when they thought Mayfield’s fingerprint was an 100% match to the fingerprint on the bag containing explosives in Madrid. Once Mayfield was found to have no involvement in the bombing he was released and offered monetary compensation for the distress caused to his family and himself. However, no monetary amount could correct the trauma that was brought upon this man by his own government.
Tony Wallace February 20, 2014 English101-101 Pros and Cons Essay Patriot Act Thesis: The patriot act was introduced and passed also signed as a law in October in 2001 in response of 9/11 attacks. The act gives the government more power to conduct surveillances or searches within the United States. The purpose of the patriot act is to loosen the restrictions on domestic violence and for law enforcement and other agencies. For those that is against the patriot act they see it as the government is spying on them all the time and its taking away there privacy. The pros of the patriot act are that the law updated wiretapping laws to take into account the changing technology of
We see this issue arising with the introduction of the Patriot Act after 9/11. Much debate has occurred concerning the issues of privacy related to the Patriot Act. Unlike the privacy issue in the book, everyone is monitored; where as the Patriot Act allows law enforcement to spy on an individual that might be a threat to national security. The second issue is that of government interaction. The
One criticism of intelligence agencies that people were shocked to hear through the 9/11 Commission Report was that the Central Intelligence Agency had information on some of the suspects involved in the 9/11 plot. This information was requested by FBI agents multiple times but was not handed over because it would have jeopardized the case CIA was building against other operatives. (Soufan, 2011). The PATRIOT Act also allowed warrants to be issued in any district, whether or not the activity being investigated was being conducted in that district or not (Landahl, 2007). It also created penalties for harboring terrorists, increased maximum sentences for terrorism related activities, and most importantly eliminated the statue of limitations for terrorist activities (Landahl, 2007).
The key provisions will be identified along with their meanings to both governmental agencies and the average citizen. Section 203 (b) and (d) information sharing: allows information from criminal probes to be shared with intelligence agencies and other parts of the government. These provisions are at the heart of the effort to break down the barriers that used to separate criminal and intelligence investigations. The United States Justice Department has frequently blamed these barriers for the failure to find and detain September 11th hijackers prior to the attacks. CIA agents had information significantly prior to the attacks that some of the hijackers were in the United States and were suspected terrorists, but the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) claims they did not receive the information until August
The Patriot Act alone makes it allowable to search and seize US citizen’s papers and effects without probable cause, “to assist in a terror investigation” (CCAPA, 2003). Using this, the NSA and other government agencies have been collecting phone records, personal records, internet usage habits, and other meta data of innocents without their knowledge (Kopczynski, 2013). The American Civil Liberties Union has filed suit in court challenging the interpretation of the Patriot Act as a violation of Americans’ constitutional rights. The Patriot Act expanded the government's power to use eavesdropping, surveillance, access to financial and computer records and other tools to track terrorist suspects (Lichtblau, 2003). This has opened the door for the NDAA which seemingly gave the government oversight of your everyday lives.
The Homeland Security department is there to investigate and bring to justice anyone who breaks these laws, foreign or domestic. USA Patriot Act The purpose of the Patriot Act is to discourage and discipline known terrorist and their actions in the United States and its partners. It also enhances police investigatory equipment. The USA Patriot Act states as its purpose: “1) To strengthen U.S. measures to prevent, detect and prosecute international money laundering and financing of terrorism; 2) To subject to special scrutiny foreign jurisdictions, foreign financial institutions, and classes of international transactions or types of accounts that are susceptible to criminal abuse; 3) To require all appropriate elements of the financial services industry to report potential money laundering; 4) To strengthen measures to prevent use of the U.S. financial system for personal gain by corrupt foreign officials and facilitate repatriation of stolen assets to the citizens of countries to whom such assets belong” (FinCin, 2012, pg.
Territories have combined other provisions into this order to protect the victims from cyber stalking, and staking. The Center for victims of crime (2011)website, defines domestic violence as “Constitutes the willful intimidation, assault, battery, sexual assault or other abusive behavior