Types of Robotic Surgery

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Types of Robotic Surgery Robotic surgery allows surgeons to perform many complex procedures with more precision, flexibility, and control than standard surgical techniques (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2011). There are several types of robotic surgeries that are used for many conditions. This section will cover three areas and the conditions that fall under each of those areas. The areas to be covered are robotic abdominal surgery, including colon and rectal surgery, robotic cardiovascular surgery, and robotic urologic surgery. Robotic abdominal surgery, and colon and rectal surgery are used to treat conditions like the following: gallbladder cancer, liver cancer, and pancreatic disorders. When these conditions are treated with robotic surgery there is a good chance that patients will avoid nerve damage due to the flexibility and precision of the robotic arms used. Da Vinci, which is a popular brand of robotic surgery system, makes only small incisions during these procedures instead of the large open incisions used during traditional laparoscopy. Robotic cardiovascular surgery includes invasive heart surgery, heart valve surgeries, and coronary bypass surgery. The most commonly performed robot-assisted cardiac procedure today is a mitral valve repair or replacement (Bush, Nifong & Chitwood, 2013). This procedure was first performed in 1998, while using an early model of the Da Vinci surgical tool. Patients have noted less pain, shorter length of stay, and a significantly quicker recovery time as benefits of this procedure. Robotic urologic surgery is used to treat conditions like prostate cancer, kidney cancer, and testicular cancer. Because it is minimally invasive, the precision of robotic technology is ideal for delicate and intricate urologic surgeries. The procedures that fall under this type of surgery include robotic prostatectomy and robotic partial

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