This has been developed in a variety of ways, in part of efforts to abolish parole, to adopt certain kinds of determinate sentencing guidelines and to put into practice other sentencing reforms. "www.thefreelibrary.com" (2011). I believe truth in sentencing is a deterrence of recidivism when using good time and work time credits. I believe every person deserves the opportunity to pay off their debt to society and prove that they will not be a repeat offender. Once a criminal has been convicted and has been sentenced to do their time, this is where they are able to show society and the criminal justice system that they have learned their lesson from their mistake.
Sentencing The objectives of punishment within the United States corrections system are detailed and precise. State and federal objectives of punishment are very similar. Sentencing impacts the corrections system, both state and federal, in a positive aspect. When a crime has been committed and the person is officially found guilty, sentencing occurs in the criminal justice system. Many things are considered throughout a trial in order to determine whether the defendant is guilty.
400). Victimization affects each individual in a distinctive way throughout the criminal justice process. The prosecutor must be compassionate to the scale of victimization that transpires in a given case. A victim demands justice be served and is counting on the prosecutor to guarantee vindication. The prosecutor must maintain his or her case with holding the defendant accountable, decreasing the time span and funds spent in a trial, and making certain the victim is reimbursed financially, and helped to be made whole again.
The advantage for the defense is that less work is required on their part and they typically receive the same amount of money in return. The court system heavily relies on the use of pleas to keep the system moving and making it more efficient. In cases involving a plea the judge is able to dispose of a case quickly and move on to the next faster than in they went to trial. In terms of jails and prisons plea-bargaining can also reduce the amount of inmate entering the facilities as jail time may have been suspended as a condition of a plea bargain. In terms of the defendant there are many benefits, which entice them to enter into a plea bargain.
For a defendant faces several years in jail and possibly multiple charges they can look forward to a few of their sentences being dropped and a reduction in their sentencing. A plea bargain can also result in a defendant not having to go to jail which can in the long run decrease the inmate population in jails and prisons. The prosecution benefits the most from plea bargaining. By offering a plea to a criminal for admitting their guilt the prosecution can alter the sentencing of the defendant. If a defendant agrees to wave their rights to trial the courts are saved time and a critical amount of money which benefits the entire criminal justice system as a whole.
OBJECTIVE This study will examine the Massachusetts rearrest rates of nonviolent drug offenders treated in Drug Treatment Courts (DTC) in contrast to offenders sent to incarceration. DTCs provide an effective way to break the cycle of drug use and its resulting criminal behavior. DTCs use judicial monitoring, supervision, drug testing and education to rehabilitate the offenders. These programs often defer or suspend sentences in exchange for successful completion of the treatment program. If the offender does not complete the treatment, the initial sentence of incarceration is enforced (Gottfredson, 2003).
That offenders be discharged from probation supervision when they have satisfied their criminogenic needs and are at a risk level that does not warrant supervision. The division will be able to identify these cases utilizing a validated risk and needs assessment. Complete. The Division has fully implemented supervision by the new levels achieved through the use of the risk and needs assessment. Lower leveled offenders will be allowed to report by computer or mail-in report called Offender Accountability Reporting (OAR).
A probation officer will ensure that the offender meets the conditions set by the court. Failure to meet the conditions will result in the withdrawal of probation, and the offender will like face imprisonment. A person can be sentenced to prison or jail instead of probation based on the crime. The severity and type of the crime governs the facility an individual will serve out his or her sentence (Schmalleger, 2009). The goal is to punish or rehabilitate an individual while ensuring the safety of the general public.
One positive effect that it does have is probation cuts down on the cost of housing the offenders in a prison or jail which in the end saves the tax payers hundreds, and thousands of dollars for feeding and housing them in a prison. A negative effect on society is whether the probationer will follow the rules, or if they will continue to act on crimes against society. My hypothesis about the effectiveness of community corrections is I believe that it is lacking in attempts to keep these offenders/probationers off alcohol and drugs. The Urinalysis test that they are giving are no fool proof, they can easily pass these test with detox drinks that you can buy anywhere GNC is one of the stores that carry these types of drinks. I suggest that they add a hair test in the community corrections rules and regulations instead of just doing a urine test.
The second strategy is to reduce the time that offenders spend in prison. This may be done by speeding up court hearings for those who are detained before trial. In addition, the length of sentences imposed on offenders can be reduced, or prisoners who behaved may be released early for good behavior. Some countries have adopted parole as a means to do this. In my opinion both strategies combined will be the best solution.