Types Of Penalty

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Throughout history humans have shown remarkable ingenuity in devising different types of punishment, and imposing them through the legal system. These penalties generally reflect the moral and ethical views of the society of the time. The different types of penalties available under the criminal law include probations, suspended sentences, community service orders, imprisonment and home detention. Alternative methods of sentencing include restorative justice. The extent to which law reflects moral and ethical standards, the role of law reform in the criminal justice system and the extent to which the law balances the rights of victims, offenders and society will be discussed below. Probation is a criminal punishment where the offender agrees to be of good behavior and is formally supervised by having to report to a parole office regularly. Offenders who have not committed any new offences by the end of the probationary period are discharged and no conviction is recorded. Offenders who re-offend or break any of the probation conditions are punished for the original and any subsequent offences. The advantages of probation are that it is a more serious order than a good behavior bond, but still suitable for less serious offences, easier to supervise conditions imposed on the offender, inexpensive and can rehabilitate the offender. The disadvantages of probation are that the offender has the opportunity to re-offend, may not deter and takes up police time that could be better spent. The key to making probation orders effective is the quality of the supervision provided by the probation officers. A suspended sentence is where an offender is sentenced to full-time imprisonment for 2 years or less, the Judge may order that the sentence be ‘suspended’; in other words, that the offender be released from custody and enter a good behavior bond for the term of the
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