Types, Indicators and Factors of Abuse in Adults

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What is abuse? There are many different types of abuse and they all result in behaviour towards a person that deliberately or unintentionally causes harm. It is a violation of an individual's human and civil rights and in the worst cases can result in death. Who might the abuser be? It could be anyone: A partner, child or friend A paid or volunteer carer A health, social care or other worker A person who claims to be an employer of one of the abused. Physical abuse: Types: This could be giving the person medication that can harm them or disciplining the person in an inappropriate way or restraining the person. It can be hitting slapping pushing, kicking or burning the person that is being abused. Depriving the abused of food, clothing, warmth and health care needs. Indicators: Going to the hospital a lot due to factures, burns and broken bones. The person may not want to be touched because they don’t trust you and are scared. They may also have unexplained bruising and marks on their skin. Case study on physical abuse: Mark is 54 years old, 10 years ago had a stroke which left him partially paralysed. He has carers came into his home three times a day, but his wife cares for him the rest of the time. Over time, his wife has became increasingly aggressive. One night, when he asked her to help him to the toilet, she pushed him and he fell, hitting his head. She then helped him up and slapped him across the face. Sexual abuse: Types: This can be direct or indirect sexual activities where the vulnerable adult cannot or dose not agree to it. It can also be a sexual activity which takes place when the vulnerable adult is unaware of the consequences or the risks involved Non contact abuse e.g. voyeurism and pornography. Indicators: The sign or sexual abuse could be not wanting to be touched or a dramatic change in their appearance
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