Type 2 Diabetes Research Paper Outline

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Diabetes Mellitus Christa Hackett SOC 313 Sabrina Geoffrion June 17, 2013 Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic, incurable condition of carbohydrate metabolism that involves an imbalance of the supply and demand for insulin; it is the most common of all endocrine conditions (Laffel & Wood, 2007; Olefsky, 2001). Diabetes is a common health condition that affects millions throughout the universe. Diabetes affects millions of people in different and diverse ethnic groups. In the United States diabetes is the sixth leading cause of death. Diabetes is a growing problem in the US and it is becoming an epidemic. There are 3 types of diabetes mellitus, Type-1, Type-2, and Gestational Diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is insulin dependent and accounts…show more content…
Type-2 diabetes is non insulin dependent, and it makes up the other 90% of diagnosed cases. This type diabetes is the most common type. In Type 2 diabetes the body does not make or utilize insulin well and the cells tend to ignore it. The need for insulin is a must for the body to be able to use glucose for energy. When food is eaten the body breaks down all the starches and sugars into glucose, which essentially fuels the cells in the body. Insulin carries the sugar from the blood into the cells. Glucose builds up in the blood instead of moving into the cells, and this leads to diabetes complications. The buildup of Glucose in the blood also can lead to serious problems with the eyes, heart, nerves, kidneys, and gums and teeth. The risk for being diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes is higher for people who are older, obese, have family history of the disease and who do not exercise. In Type 2 diabetes the symptoms appear slower than do in Type 1 diabetes. Some of the symptoms are the same, but the symptoms for Type 2 are: urinating often, losing weight unexpectedly, feeling tired and hungry, sores that will not heal blurry eyesight and being thirsty. Type-2 diabetes can be managed with eating healthy, exercising, and checking your blood sugar. Some people may also have to take medications. Type-2 diabetes can be life-threatening if it goes…show more content…
Diabetes usually does not develop until after the age of 40, but the age is getting younger due to high rates of obesity in African Americans. The major causes of diabetes in African Americans are: obesity, hyperinsulinemia, poor diet, and lack of exercise, smoking habits, and hereditary traits. African Americans with diabetes have a higher risk for stroke, heart disease, and other cardiovascular complications. Amputations, blindness, and kidney disease are also complications African Americans, deal with that suffer from diabetes. Hispanics are at a greater risk of developing diabetes Type 2. Latinos and Hispanics are twice as likely to have complications like nerve damage, heart disease, kidney disease, high blood pressure and blindness due to diabetes. In Latinos and Hispanics the rate for developing diabetes at an early age is higher, around the age of 20. Physicians are twice more likely to diagnose Mexican Americans with diabetes than non-Hispanic and their chance of dying from the disease is 50% higher than Hispanic whites. Diabetes is the 6th leading cause of death in Hispanics/Latinos living in the United States and 4th leading cause for Hispanic/Latino

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