As well as the teaching requirements from the case study with two measurable learning objectives from each of the domains (cognitive, affective, and psychomotor), and the psychosocial challenges that Angelo encounters. Incidence of Diabetes in the United States Diabetes is increasing worldwide, including seeing an earlier increased onset of type two diabetes. According to the American Diabetes Association, almost 26 million Americans have diabetes, including greater than 10% of the total adult population and over 25% of the population 65 and older. The majority of the 26 million have type two diabetes and almost one million Americans suffer from type one diabetes (Fronseca, Kirkman, Darsow, & Ratner, 2012). Presenting Signs of Diabetes Typical signs of diabetes include excessive thirst (polydipsia), excessive urination (polyuria), or excessive hunger (polyphagia).
Jenna lives with her mother and younger brother who she often looks after when her mother is at work. The nurse’s role is to teach and educate Jenna and prevent her from getting diabetes. Diabetes is one of the fastest growing diseases in the United States. The American Diabetes Association (2011) estimated that, “… 25.8 million children and adults in the United States, which is 8.3% of the population, have diabetes” (Diabetes Statistics, 2011, para. 1).
According to the CDC, 50% of African American women, 40% of Mexican women, and 30% of Caucasian women are obese and therefore at risk for development of type 2 diabetes. Improved screening and education strategies are necessary in reversing the trend of this devastating chronic disease. Morbidity and Mortality “In the United States, an estimated 7% of the population, (20.8 million people), have diabetes mellitus; 14.6 million people have been diagnosed and 6.2 million remain undiagnosed. In addition, approximately 41 million Americans have prediabetes, which may eventually lead to a clinical diagnosis of diabetes,” (DISEASEDEX, 2012). In 2009, diabetes was the cause of death in 150 women in Allegheny County alone, (PA Department of Health, 2009).
In the UK, diabetes affects approximately 2.8 million people. More than one million people are thought to have undiagnosed type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is far more common than type 1 diabetes, which occurs when the body does not produce any insulin at all. Around 90% of all adults in the UK with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. Cardiovascular diseases account for more than 150,000 deaths a year in the United Kingdom.
Americas Growing Problem In the article “Diabesity, A Crisis in an Expanding Country”, Jane E. Brody discussed how diabetes and obesity have become a crisis in the United States. The article started off with questions on how diabesity is possibly becoming a larger crisis than smoking. Brody states that diabetes has almost doubled in the United States adult population, from 4.9 percent to 8.7 percent. "One third of Americans with Type 2 diabetes don't even know they have it because the disease is hard to spot until it causes a medical crisis”, says Brody. Diabetes is now estimated to have reached about 18.2 million Americans.
There are about 20 million people currently infected with HPV. Women have an 80 percent chance of developing HPV by the time they are 50. HPV is most common in people in their late teens and early 20s. The vaccine is a preventative and they advise you get the shot before encountering in sexual activity. About 11,000 women will be diagnosed with cervical cancer and 3600 will die.
Peaking in January and February, Respiratory syncytial virus is the virus causing most common colds, when it is limited to the upper respiratory tract. Unfortunately when the virus aggravates the lower respiratory tract, complications occur, including respiratory distress, pneumonia, bronchiolitis and possibility the development of asthma. Pruitt also states that each year 125,000 children (mostly under 6 months of age) require hospitalization, and of these, about 2,500 die (Pruitt 63). Beyond this age, by about two years old, children have been exposed to RSV and have developed and immunity. If diagnosis of this infection is made through cultures of respiratory secretions, treatment begins immediately.
Understanding the risk for falls for people with Parkinson’s disease and use of appropriate fall interventions as delineated in The American Geriatrics Society AGS/BGS Clinical Practice Guideline: Prevention of Falls in Older Persons can help maintain the functional ability, increased independence and overall quality of life. Decreasing the Risk of Falls in the Patient with Parkinson’s Disease The leading cause of injury in the older adult is from falls, 30% of adults age sixty five and older fall at least one time per year and this number increases strongly with age.1 77% of people with Parkinson’s disease will experience a fall.2 They are twice as likely to experience recurrent falls compared to other elderly people.3 The purpose of this manuscript is to address fall risk and prevention in people with Parkinson’s disease to maintain or improve functional ability and quality of life. Parkinson’s disease is a progressive disorder of the nervous system that develops gradually and affects movement. These changes can affect balance and posture as well which increase the risk of falls. According to Canning and his
Diabetes Mellitus Monica Kinney Colorado Technical University BIO 162 Judy Thompson April 13, 2011 According to the American Diabetes Association, “Diabetes mellitus, or simply, diabetes, is a group of diseases characterized by high blood glucose levels that result from defects in the body’s ability to produce and or use insulin.” Diabetes is the most common disorder of the endocrine system ad effects more than 23 million people in the United States alone (Web MD, 2011). There are two types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is an autoimmune disease, a condition which the immune system turns against the body. The body’s white blood cells mistakenly attack the insulin-producing pancreatic
Fifteen million people suffer from type II diabetes according to the American Diabetes Association (Leung 1). Upon receiving the diagnosis, these victims must surrender to the disease. Type II diabetes can lead to many other unhealthy reactions, such as heart attacks, and kidney failure (Owens 46). Some government officials are trying to take away the physical education children are receiving that can help them understand correct ways to exercise, and in becoming more aware of their eating habits (Leung 1). Without proper health education and the formation of good habits while young, the current generation will end up with a high probability of developing type II diabetes in their later years.