Type 2 Diabetes And Minorities Essay

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Trends Assignment/Ken Cox Type 2 Diabetes and Minorities Diabetes has become the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. This chronic disease is characterized by persistent hyperglycemia (high blood glucose levels). Approximately, 7.8 percent of the population (about 23.6 million people) have been diagnosed with diabetes and that number is rapidly increasing.1 Type 2 diabetes used to be referred to as adult-onset diabetes, but in recent years, an epidemic of the disease is occurring and in younger and younger people. This is largely due to an increase in obesity (the number one risk factor for diabetes) that results from an improper/unhealthy diet that contains far too many fast foods, as well as junk and convenience foods combined with sedentary lifestyles, too little exercise or physical activity. The burden of diabetes is much higher for racial/ethnic minorities than for whites. Minorities have higher death and diabetes-related complication rates. Complications of diabetes are many and often involve damage to the blood vessels and nerves relating to the body’s organs and include: kidney disease, eye disease and nerve disease, in addition to increasing risk of heart attack or stroke. Diabetes Mellitus is most commonly know as simply diabetes. Diabetes really refers to a group of chronic metabolic diseases. Having several of risk factors and symptoms together is sometimes referred to as metabolic syndrome. The classic symptoms of diabetes involves abnormal blood glucose metabolism. There are three main types of diabetes, Type 1, Type 2 and Type 3. Type 1 is caused by the pancreas failure to produce insulin and those affected must inject insulin. Type 2 is caused by the pancreas no longer

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