Type 1 Diabetes In The United States

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Diabetes Diabetes is a disorder in which the pancreas does not make enough insulin to move glucose from the bloodstream into fat and muscle. Because of the lack of insulin in the body, the fat and muscle can not use the glucose as “fuel” for the body. There are two kinds of diabetes; type 1 and type 2. In the United States, about seven percent of the population has type 1 diabetes or diabetes mellitus. This type of diabetes is usually found in young children, their bodies produce little or no insulin. Type 1 is an autoimmune disease where the immune system attacks the beta cells that produce insulin in the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes is more common and is diagnosed in adulthood. In Type 2 diabetes the pancreas does not make enough insulin…show more content…
Each year about 1.5 million people are diagnosed with this disease. Diabetes has many risk factors. Some are if a parent or sibling has diabetes, if you are obese or are physically inactive. if you are older than 45 years old, if you delivered a baby over nine pounds, if you have high blood pressure, and if you have high cholesterol. The American Diabetic Association recommends that adults get tested for diabetes at least once every year. There are many symptoms that can help detect diabetes. These symptoms include the need to use the bathroom frequently, this is caused by high or low glucose levels. excessive hunger, being very thirsty, fatigue, caused by high or low glucose levels, unusual weight loss, blurry vision or dizziness. Type 2 diabetes has its own exclusive symptoms like, wounds or sores that take a while to heal, or don’t heal at all. tiredness, tingling and numbness in your hands and feet. The symptoms for type 2 diabetes usually occur slowly, so the person may not know that they are sick right…show more content…
To control their sugar, diabetics need to test their glucose level before and after eating. People with type 1 diabetes have to inject insulin into their bodies anywhere from two to four times a day. Insulin has to be injected with a needle, if the insulin was taken orally it would destroy the digestive system. The diabetic person can prick their finger and use a blood glucose meter to find out their sugar level so they can have to right amount of insulin injected. The amount of insulin needed depends on the amount of food, exercise, and health of the person. A diabetic person has to control their diet and have snacks during the day to stabilize their glucose levels. So, in order to prevent future problems diabetics must be carefully and measure before and after every meal. For people with type 2 diabetes diet, exercise, and weight loss may not work to keep their blood sugar down. Oral medication may be prescribed to keep blood sugar at a controllable rate. If oral medications do not work, they may take insulin shots. Fifty percent of type 2 diabetics use oral medication while forty percent use insulin and only ten percent control their blood sugar with diet and

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