A number of things can cause hyperglycemia: If you have type 1, you may not have given yourself enough insulin. If you have type 2, your body may have enough insulin, but it is not as effective as it should be. You ate more than planned or exercised less than planned. You have stress from an illness, such as a cold or flu. You have other stress, such as family conflicts or school or dating problems.
How does type 2 diabetes occur? Type 2 diabetes occurs when insulin is not used effectively by the body resulting in: Insulin resistance and Hyperglycemia In advanced stages, type 2 diabetes mellitus may lead to damage to insulin producing cells leading to insulin deficiency.Find tips to lead a healthy lifestyle, by eating well, keeping active, maintaining a healthy weight and monitoring your health. Sometimes diet and exercise are not enough to control Type 2 diabetes and you may need diabetes
Diabetes is a very serious disease that people should take seriously. I learned this because of my grandfather. Diabetes is a chronic illness that favors no single age group or single sex. There are several kinds of diabetes, called Type 1 diabetes (also known as Juvenile diabetes) and Type 2 diabetes (also known as Adult-Onset diabetes), and gestational diabetes. The body of a person who has diabetes does not process sugars for their use as energy.
The insulin secretory capacity of the β-cell is augmented in an attempt to overcome this disturbance. Thus, an individual with impaired glucose tolerance or early diabetes mellitus (FBS-120 mg/dl) can secrete up to twice as much insulin as a normal person (FBS- 80 mg/dl) would. When, however, the fasting glucose level increases further, the β-cell can no longer maintain increased secretion of insulin. Thus further increase in the plasma glucose concentration is associated with a progressive decline in insulin secretion. Hence a diabetic person (FBS - 150mg/dl or more) will secrete an amount of insulin similar to that in a nondiabetic individual (18).
The risk of diabetes type two is greatly increased by lifestyle factors such as; overweight, lack of exercise, poor diet and high blood pressure. http://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/Understanding-Diabetes/What-is-Diabetes/Type-2-Diabetes/#Managing Type 2 Diabetes. 2. a) What are the three main aims when treating Tom (a newly diagnosed diabetic). • Ensure Tom maintains a healthy low carbs, sugar free diet. • Encourage Tom to exercise more frequently.
Because the glucose cannot enter the target cells the liver produces excessive glucose to try and compensate resulting in high fasting blood glucose levels. Diabetes Mellitus is mostly found in overweight patients, it used to be associated with the middle ages and later although the presence of obesity in the younger generations is increasing the disease in those age groups. The onset of the disease is slow with many patients presenting with organ damage due to the gradual effect of the diabetes. 2. What are the three main aims when treating Tom (a newly diagnosed diabetic).
This is called insulin resistance. According to Wong Lai Teng, “Insulin resistance is caused by defective insulin receptors on the target cells.” She goes on to state, “Insulin resistance occurs in association with obesity and pregnancy. In normal individuals who are obese or become pregnant, the B cells secrete increased amounts of insulin to compensate. Patients who have genetic susceptibility to diabetes cannot compensate because of their inherent defect in insulin secretion.” In both types 1 and 2 diabetes will show signs and symptoms, although, in type 2 diabetes, they may not be apparent for some
Fifteen million people suffer from type II diabetes according to the American Diabetes Association (Leung 1). Upon receiving the diagnosis, these victims must surrender to the disease. Type II diabetes can lead to many other unhealthy reactions, such as heart attacks, and kidney failure (Owens 46). Some government officials are trying to take away the physical education children are receiving that can help them understand correct ways to exercise, and in becoming more aware of their eating habits (Leung 1). Without proper health education and the formation of good habits while young, the current generation will end up with a high probability of developing type II diabetes in their later years.
Part One Diabetes Diabetes is a life-long disease. In our body, the components of food are broken down into glucose, which then the body uses as an energy supply. In a person with diabetes, the body struggles to breakdown the glucose. Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas to help the body to breakdown glucose into energy (ATP). Often people with diabetes have a very low amount of insulin or none at all, so their body is unable to breakdown the components.
Some of the effects are a decline in muscle function, reduction in cardiac muscle mass, and a worsened immune system. These symptoms of malnutrition can lead to even worse and more serious illnesses. Although it has many psychological effects, malnutrition can also dangerously impact the body. Therefore, nutrition plays a very important role on the health aspects of the body: The relative importance of each class of problem varies and multiple factors often occur simultaneously. Physical factors, usually associated with illness, are the predominant cause of malnutrition in UK adults, although psychosocial issues have significant effects on dietary intake in some groups (e.g.