Type 1 Diabetes

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Diabetes “On my honor, I have not given nor accepted any unauthorized assistance on this assignment and it is solely the result of my own effort and thinking.” Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which the body’s inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood. There are 3 types of diabetes there is type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. Each have their own causes, risk factors, symptoms, and treatment. In type 1 diabetes, the body's immune system destroys the cells that release insulin, eventually eliminating insulin production from the body. Without insulin, cells cannot absorb glucose, in which they need to produce energy. There are two forms of type 1 diabetes, idiopathic diabetes and Immune-mediated…show more content…
But type 2 diabetes in children is rising. In type 2 diabetes, the body isn't able to use insulin the right way. This is called insulin resistance. As type 2 diabetes gets worse, the pancreas may make less and less insulin. This is called insulin deficiency. Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder resulting from the body's inability to make enough, or to properly use, insulin. Without adequate production or utilization of insulin, the body cannot move blood sugar into the cells. It is a chronic disease that has no known cure. The exact cause of type 2 diabetes is unknown. However, there does appear to be a genetic factor which causes it to run in families. And, although a person can inherit a tendency to develop type 2 diabetes, it usually takes another factor, such as obesity, to bring on the disease. Type 2 diabetes may be prevented or delayed by reducing risk factors such as losing weight and increasing exercise. Some symptoms of type 2 diabetes may include frequent infections that are not easily healed, high levels of sugar in the blood when tested, high levels of sugar in the urine when tested, unusual thirst, frequent urination, extreme hunger but loss of weight, blurred vision, dry, itchy skin, tingling or loss of feeling in the hands or feet. Some may exhibit no symptoms or some may be mild and almost unnoticeable. Risk factors may be people over…show more content…
All diabetic symptoms disappear following delivery. Gestational diabetes is caused by blocking effects of other hormones on the insulin that is produced, a condition referred to as insulin resistance. Although the cause of gestational diabetes is unknown, there are some theories as to why the condition occurs. The placenta supplies a growing fetus with nutrients and water, as well as produces a variety of hormones to maintain the pregnancy. Some of these hormones such as estrogen, cortisol, and human placental lactogen, can have a blocking effect on insulin. This is called contra-insulin effect, which usually begins about 20 to 24 weeks into the pregnancy. As the placenta grows, more of these hormones are produced, and insulin resistance becomes greater. Normally, the pancreas is able to make additional insulin to overcome insulin resistance, but when the production of insulin is not enough to overcome the effect of the placental hormones, gestational diabetes results. Although any woman can develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy, some of the factors that may increase the risk may be overweight or obesity, Family history of diabetes, Having given birth previously to a very large infant, a still birth, or a child with a birth defect, women who are older than 25 are at a greater

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