All these humanistic psychologists did researches on freedom , values, tragedy, human potential, spirituality, personal responsibility and agreed people were naturally good. Rogers used the person centred approach to increase an understanding of human personalities and relationships. The person centred approach views the client to be in control of their own their own potential growth. Rogers (1961) argued that the client who knows what hurts, what directions to go, what problems are vital, and what experiences have been deeply buried. Person centred Counselling is a relationship therapy”.
The two main counselling approaches that will be discussed are Psychodynamic and Humanistic, including the theoretical principles that underpin both approaches. It is important to acknowledge that all counselling approaches agree that the core conditions are essential as the basis for any approach: incongruence, unconditional positive regard, and empathy. The theoretical principles that define the Humanistic counselling approach is in essence a positive view of human nature and believes that humans have an inbuilt ability to develop and reach their full potential, and promotes personal growth. In order for a Humanistic approach to be successful then the quality of the relationship between the counsellor and client is of paramount importance, all the core conditions, warmth, empathy and congruence should be displayed by the counsellor. This approach encompasses the view that people are trustworthy, are unique as individuals and have their own realities.
Person Centered Therapy and the Case of Fritz Patient Centered Therapy (PCT) assumes that the patient is the expert on themselves. That human beings are naturally positive, trustworthy, capable of growth and they are drawn to towards realizing their full potential. In the right setting, we will become our most creative selves. PCT defies tenants of other therapeutic models, such as psychoanalysis, because it does not put the therapist at the helm. It is the client who chooses direction and the therapist shares the journey as more of a facilitator than a navigator.
Describe and evaluate the humanistic approach in psychology The humanistic approach contrasts all the other approaches for one simple reason; this is that the humanistic approach believes that we have free will, this is because we are able to make conscious decisions for our self and chose our own path in life, and for example, the behaviourist approach is deterministic, as the environment determines our behaviour. Rogers stated that certain environments are needed in order for a child to achieve their full potential as an adult. Rogers said we need a condition consisting of positive regard. This means knowing that somebody loves you no matter what you do. He said we all need conditional positive regard from our parents, and if we did not receive this is can lead to psychological problems in our future.
UNIT 02: THEORY ESSAY There are several theoretical approaches to counselling, I will explain the key characteristics and concepts of the Humanistic theory, Psychodynamic theory and Cognitive-behavioural theory. I shall then summarise the key strengths and limitations of these main approaches. I will then explain the concept of the integrative model, followed by assessing the advantages and disadvantages of the integrative model. Finally I will explain the role of theory in relation to helping relationships. CBT is a combination of cognitive therapy, which examines unwanted thoughts, beliefs and cognitive processes and behavioural therapy which looks at the behaviour in response to those thoughts.
In a situation of "threat", humans reacted by the impulses for our defense. Nevertheless, the investigations focused on the understanding of the negative, leaving aside the positive, so if we evaluate without taking into account that framework centered on the negative, two theories appear: “The Broaden-and-Build Theory” and “The Undoing Hypothesis”. The Broaden-and-Build Theory shows us how positive emotions help develop the individual, preparing him for later times to obtain a series of resources for its defense. One of the cases that Barbara shows us is through words. If you teach a group three words that have a
Additionally, these will be critically compared and contrasted with reference to how each approach views and differs with respect to the nature of the counselling relationship, what the ideal nature of the relationship is, how the relationship can benefit or hinder therapy, and if and how it is used to assist therapy. Furthermore, a critical perspective will be offered which will suggest how I would evaluate these different views and which one I would agree with and how. Firstly, before each approach can be critically compared and contrasted respectively, there needs to be a comprehensive understanding and explanation of each one, as well as their particular views regarding the relationship between
For a genuine conversation to take place the client must be treated as an equal partner and counsellor must come across as being real and not fake. Rowans (1998) states that; Congruence is a human quality, not a skill that can be switched on and off. We cannot fake genuineness, and if we try we shall only produce a phoney performance which fools no one. (p.66) My professional log will examine Congruence from a
COSOLIDATING: REFLECTIVE PRACTICE. INTRODUCTION: In this reflective essay, the writer intends to explain the concepts of reflection. Analyse and critically reflect on his professional development throughout the branch pathway during his training placement programme. Among the module undertaken are perspective of mental health, therapeutic use of self, patient focus, restoring mental health, supervision and management of care. With the use of Gibbs and John’s reflective model, the writer will critically examine acquisition of clinical knowledge and skills.
The therapist is open and transparent to the client. If these core conditions are followed, the client will enabled to develop and grow in their own unique way to become the person they really are. by creating the correct environment and by showing and demonstrating the six core conditions allows the client to explore and express their thoughts and feelings without any fear of being