Two Psychological Approaches

4219 Words17 Pages
The contents of this essay will explain different psychological approaches to health and social practice; compare two psychological approaches to health and social care provision; and conclude with an evaluation of the two approaches. For numerous individuals, consuming alcohol is nothing more than a pleasant way to relax and socialise with relatives and companions. Individuals with alcohol use disorders, conversely, consume alcohol to excess, endangering both themselves and others. This essay will explain how differing psychological perspectives aid individuals with alcoholism and differing conditions to recover by applying the approaches. (American Psychological Association, 2012) Individuals with alcoholism (alcohol dependent) have…show more content…
For instance, the professional can consider the case of an individual who without any reason becomes terribly horrified when coming in close contact with a particular situation or object. In this period, the psychodynamic theorist encourages the individual to speak about their childhood experiences and the type of relationship the individual shared with his relatives and acquaintances; which may be an unpleasant experience if the past has played a significant role in damaging the individualâs psychological equilibrium. (American Psychological Association,…show more content…
The counsellors act in a non-judgemental, non-directive manner, displaying warmth, empathy and unconditional personal regard towards the service users. These humanistic approaches are central to the development of the therapeutic or caring relationship and define qualities necessitated by those who seed to work in a holistic and person-centred way. (American Psychological Association, 2012) The Cognitive Perspective and Health Care Practice Cognitive behaviour therapy is based on the idea that feelings and behaviours are caused by an individual's thoughts, not an exterior stimuli for instance, individuals, situations and events. Individuals may not be able to alter their circumstances, but they can alter how they think about them and consequently alter how they feel and behave, according to cognitive-behaviour therapists. (About.com, 2012) In the treatment for alcohol and drug dependence, the goal of cognitive behavioural therapy is to teach the individual to recognise situations in which they are most likely to consume alcohol or use drugs, avoid these circumstances if possible, and cope with additional problems and behaviours which may result in their substance abuse. (About.com.
Open Document