Two Procrastination Paper

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Procrastination Dianne M. Tice & C. Nathan DeWall DOI:10.4135/9781412956253.n420 Print pages: 706-708 Definition Procrastination refers to wasting time before a deadline. The tendency to procrastinate involves putting off work that must be completed to attain a certain goal, such as watching television instead of working on a term paper. Procrastination has a negative impact on the quality of one's work and is linked to a variety of negative physical and psychological outcomes. History and Background Procrastination lies at the heart of the psychological study of goal attainment. To attain a goal, people must have adequate motivation and ability to perform the necessary actions involved in satisfying the goal. Procrastination is particularly relevant in cultures that are industrialized and place a high priority on adherence to schedules. Philip DeSimone has shown that procrastination becomes a more salient concept as a society becomes more industrialized. Although some researchers have argued that procrastination is a completely modern phenomenon, similar words and concepts related to procrastination have existed throughout history. Ancient Egyptians used words related to procrastination to describe both useful habits of avoiding unnecessary work and harmful habits indicative of laziness that preclude the possibility of completing an important activity. The Oxford English Dictionary states that the word procrastination was frequently used by the early 17th century to describe situations in which people intelligently chose to restrain their behavior to arrive at a better conclusion. Procrastination began to be used as a means of the negative consequences of squandering time before a deadline during the mid-18th century, which coincides with the emergence of the Industrial Revolution. Thus, the tendency to procrastinate has existed for many years but became

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