Two Models Of Health

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Two Models of Health Researchers have depended on scientific models and theories, such as the biomedical and biopsychosocial model (BPS), of human functioning in order to treat pathological mental and physical illnesses for decades. Advances in medicine, adequate patient treatment and health awareness are all significant contributions to society brought about by both clinicians and scholars who have utilized the biomedical and/or biopsychosocial model in their practice or scientific research. However, both the biomedical and biopsychosocial model each maintain their own unique stance on health and illness; one theory subscribing to the concept that all human disease can be explained in terms of a biological departure from normal cellular and organic functioning, while the other postulates that a combination of biological, psychological, and sociological factors all play an important part in the manifestation of disease and illness. Although both medical models are used by physicians and health psychologists alike, each receive training in their prospective fields, leaning more towards one model over the other, when it comes to explaining and treating illness. However, the question still remains whether or not all medical research into health and illness can be adequately investigated using ‘normal’ scientific empiricism. The Controversy Some clinicians have argued that the biopsychosocial model is not a true scientific model but simply a theory, claiming that although meritorious in its encouragement of building a stronger alliance between patient and provider, it falls short of displaying the inner workings of a scientific model and cannot be properly measured (McLaren, 1998). However, proponents of the biopsychosocial model argue that basic and applied research, across many areas of health and illness, have validated the significant impact the

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