During a conference meeting Eisenhower explained his domino theory. In which all the countries on the brink of communism were dominos in a line, if you push the first one over the rest will surly fall fairly quickly. Even with the U.S. By its side the French were unable to retake Vietnam, they were overran at Dien Bien Phu. The country of Vietnam was split into two, the people who believed communism and the ones who did not. The Geneva Accords was a temporary divide of the north and south until the election of Ho Chi Minh or Ngo Dinh Diem.
These two platoons went through a dozen camps killing hundreds of unarmed Vietnamese citizens, because this was such scandal, know one knew about it until it was released by the Pentagon on November 13, 1969. (Prados 184) On March 31, President Johnson, in a television address, announced a partial halt to the U.S. bombing of North Vietnam, a call to North Vietnam to begin peace talks. On May 13, formal peace talks between the United States and North Vietnam were openly held in Paris. (Karnow 523) In August, Richard Nixon was nominated for the presidency by the Republican Party. On October 31, 1968, President Johnson announced a complete halt to the bombing of North Vietnam.
How effective were the US tactics of ‘search and destroy’ and ‘defoliation’ in the Vietnam War As North Vietnam came to communism the USofA soar this as a threat agent’s capitalism. And if Vietnam “fell” in to communism then the hole of Asia could become communist this is called the “domino effect”. In this time President Kennedy had ‘advisers’. The US were fully involved in Vietnam in 1964 the 4th of august when the NN North torpedoed the USS Maddox in the gulf of Tonkin and the Paris treaty in 1973 followed by the fall of Saigon 1975. Due to the Vietcong’s strategies the US decided to bomb the north into surrendering.
This occurred some years after 1950. In the 1960s and 70s, the American public became very angry and frustrated with the military-industrial complex. The protest against the Vietnam War had reached its very highest. In President Eisenhower‘s farewell address, he warned, “ In the councils of government, we must guard against acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist.” The American public should refrain from gaining any negative or unauthorized influences by the military-industrial complex.
1960’s Assessment War often times prompts tensions between two sides. For the Vietnam War in particular, there was much controversy and factors that led to a number of social, economic, and political pressures. With a destruction of the traditional social order, the war elicited new perspectives, and focused on not only a time of self-indulgence, but one of defiance and morale. People began to reject violence, which was crucial in accordance to the actions within and towards Vietnam. Conflicts between healthcare and actions like the Tet Offensive and Ancient Orange caused social organizations and ideals such as Black Power, NOW, and the SNCC.
In 1950 Australia was involved in the Vietnam War, as there was alliance with the Americans and involvement with Seato and Anzus. Australia believed it was there call to send troops to Vietnam due to alliance with American as they feared of the spreading of communism. The Vietnam War was broadcasted all over the world, for the first time people were viewing what was really involved in the War, this affected peoples mind with conscription, this left a big controversy with many people were both for and against. This lead to a protest called the moratoriums protest; this was the biggest division in society. When the first World Wat occurred in 1914, conscription was brought to discuss either young men would have to be forced to be involved
King says “You deplore the demonstrations taking place in Birmingham. But your statement, I am sorry to say fails to express a similar concern for the conditions that brought about the demonstrations” (204). Making it clear that the clergymen did not like the demonstrations, but he also states that they are not thinking about what lead to these demonstration; there was no alternative in reality. Martin Luther King Jr. goes on to explain “ In any non-violent campaign there are four basic steps; collection of the facts to determine whether injustice exist; negotiation; self-purification; and direct action”(205). This embraces the facts that are upon Birmingham, that there is actually a great deal of Segregation taking place here.
Leaders and soldiers both believed in these concepts and were key reasons for going to war on both sides, each side believing they were doing the right thing. The Civil War has been described as a conflict over alternate versions and visions of the American nation. The North believed it was crucial that “the nation” stay together and if the South were allowed to succeed, that nation would be ruined and all that had been sacrificed/fought for to create this independent free nation would be lost. Many justified going to war as it was the only method of keeping the union together, one soldier telling his wife that “it is better to have war for one year than anarchy and revolution for fifty”, there was a belief that if the South were allowed to secede, it would set a precedent to allow other states to leave the nation in the future. Lincoln (who strongly believed in the idea of the nation and the Union) being re-elected in 1864 shows how the soldiers supported Lincolns beliefs and believed the war and its sacrifices meaningful and necessary.
President Lyndon Baines Johnson, on March 31, 1968 said, “There is a division in the American house now. There is divisiveness among us all tonight.” Very much like the American Civil War, the Vietnam War dichotomized this country. Opposing views about the Vietnam War and the pro war movement began to develop at the beginning of the United States’ involvement in the war. To some, the war was a way to stop the growth of communism. To others, it was a fight that did not concern this country.
The Vietnam War was very impactful for war for not only Vietnam and the United States but for the rest of the world. This war was agreed on many but seemed to be disagreed on my by even more so it was a war with great conflict. Tim O’ Brien the author of The Things They Carried was writing about this war in his story. He was referring to the American soldiers in his story and talking about the objects or emotional “things” that they had to carry through this war. In this wonderful story, the main soldiers Lieutenant Jimmy Cross, Norman Bowker, Henr y Dobbs, Kiowa and many other soldiers are fighting this war and are “carrying things”.