Tripartite Pact

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The Axis Powers during World War II were countries that joined together to expand their territories and to destroy Soviet Communism. The main three Axis Powers were Germany, Italy, and Japan. On September 27, 1940 these countries signed the Tripartite Pact, also known as the Axis Alliance, which joined them together against other allied nations. ( Germany was led into the Axis Alliance by Adolf Hitler. In 1933, Hitler, leader of the Nazi party, was named Chancellor of Germany. After World War I the League of Nations had forced Germany to accept responsibility for the war. They lost land, were banned from building new submarines and aircraft, and had to pay for damages caused by the war. (Gordon, page 343) Hitler and the Nazi party wanted revenge on the winners of World War I and the Socialists, Communists, and Jews, who he blamed for Germany’s loss in World War I. (Ward and Burns, page 16) Hitler decided to take over other countries and to kill Jews. On September 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland and that was the start of World War II. On September 3, Britain and France declared war on Germany. Poland was defeated by Soviet forces and Germany, and then it was divided between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany. ( In 1940, Germany, Italy, and Japan signed the Tripartite Pact. The Pact said that they would help each other during…show more content…
The German military in Ardennes was beaten after heavy fighting called the Battle of the Bulge. Even though Hitler was faced with defeat, he insisted that every German city, every village, and "every square meter" be defended or left behind as "scorched earth." On April 30, Hitler committed suicide in a Berlin bunker. Berlin fell to the Soviet forces on May 2. About 8 million Germans were dead. ( On May 8, 1945, Germany surrendered about a week after Adolf Hitler committed suicide.

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