Dora Rodriguez Professor Rutledge English 1302 29 March 2014 Working Women in America On the 25 March 1911, a fire broke out at the Triangle Shirtwaist Company. One hundred forty-six died on that day, most of whom were women. These young ladies had been locked in during working hours to keep the union organizers out. “The Triangle fire shocked the nation” (Davidson et al. 599).
When the war broke out in August 1914, thousands of women lost their jobs in dressmaking, millenary and jewellery making. Many were in the search for work and wanted to help in the war effort. The introduction of conscription in 1916 led to an increase in the number of women employed in all sectors of the economy. Women gained access to a whole range of jobs that had been previously preserved for men and many questioned whether women were fit to do the work. Although women proved themselves to be hard working and just as capable of doing work as the opposite gender, many also struggled due to the work being dangerous and the poor safety regulations at the time, as source A8 shows.
She had friends that were involved with labor organization within the garment industry. Clara was also active as she had joined the International Ladies’ Garment Workers Union in 1906 and even formed Local 25 to try to get some equality for women and workers in the industry. She would take a job and then stir up the workers as she moved from one place to the next. She was viciously beat by a group of men that were trying to send a message to her to stop being a strike organizer. She had involvement with three strikes in a period of three years.
"The fire led to legislation requiring improved factory safety standards and helped spur the growth of the International Ladies' Garment workers' Union, which fought for better and safer working conditions for sweatshop workers in that industry" (Wikipedia) The fire occurred due to the poor and unsafe working condition in the factory. The Shirtwaist Factory was located on the Asch Building in Manhattan. The working area was crowded with young workers. There were about 500 workers on the top three floors. On the ninth floor, there were approximately 288 machines and 308 employers.
No Way Out: Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Tragedy Monee Crosswhite Las Animas High School Abstract No Way Out: Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Tragedy Americans, to this day, do not realize the rights and privileges they have with their jobs and how lucky they are to have managers who are responsible enough to protect them. This was not always the case as illustrated in the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory tragedy. The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire took place in March of 1911, after a garment caught on fire, it resulted in the death of 146 workers. The tragedy left its mark in history and galvanized a nation to make sure more precaution would be taken by business owners, and an industrial disaster would never happen again. From left, Max Florin, Fannie Rosen, Dora Evans and Josephine Cammarata, four of the six victims who were the last to be identified after the Triangle Shirtwaist Company factory fire.
Thanks to not only these two influential and powerful women, but many more , women gained the confidence to stand up in what they 7) Believed they should earn in regards to the positions the aquire and their wages and basic right for maternity leave. for instance : Nurses went on strike over their low pay and poor working conditions, How 8) Ever through strike action nurses’ mad big gains with 75 % pay increase and 100% rise for matrons. This also included equal pay was being gained in most industries including those in which most workers were women. also to advise women 9) On their rights as workers, the working women’s centre with union and federal government backing was established in 1973. Due to this women made up 21 % of the work force and women wages was increases to 75% of 10) Male rate.
Coming from all walks of life, there were those already working who switched to higher-paying defense jobs, those who had lost their jobs due to the Depression, and then there were the women who worked at home. Rosie the Riveter was the idol for these working women also she was known as the cover girl for the recruiting campaign. By 1944, 16 percent of all working women held jobs in war industries. While an estimated 18 million women worked during the war, there was growing concern among them that when the war was over, it would never be the same again. That new venture for American women would soon come to an end.
By 1830 more than 40,000 women were working for the mill. The work conditions were dreadful for the mill girls. Rooms were crowded, the machinery gave off loud noise, and their was no air circulation. Not only was the environment awful, but so were the hours and wages, on average $2.25 per week. Along with painful hours of non-stop work, the Lowell Girls had a strict set of rules to follow.
The women went from running the house to running the factory. Men went from running the factory to running the army and fighting. French Field Marshal Joffre emphasizes, “If the women in the factories stopped work for twenty minutes, the Allies would lose the war.” I believe that the women were the main driving force behind the war and helped the United States win with the Allies. Without them, I believe, the men fighting would not have had much power to continue to fight since the women provided them with necessities to win. The women of the early 20th century helped by filling in the jobs that men used, volunteering as nurses, and giving hope to the soldiers to fight back with.
Dellie Hahne, who worked as a nurse’s aid during World War II, once said, "I think a lot of women said, Screw that noise. 'Cause they had a taste of freedom, they had a taste of making their own money, a taste of spending their own money, making their own decisions. I think the beginning of the women's movement had its seeds right there in World War Two." (www.shmoop.com) After the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor in 1941, the United States officially entered World War II. Because of men and women leaving for war, many young women and once unemployed wives had to take over their roles back home and become the main supplier for everything.