Trench Warfare Essay

619 WordsOct 20, 20113 Pages
World War I, also known as The Great War, was a military conflict that lasted from 1914 to 1918.It was a modern war for its time, with the introduction of airplanes, poison gas, machine guns and tanks. And a new tactic that was introduced to the western front was trench warfare. Even though trench warfare is known as the preferred way of combat during World War I, not much is known about the style of combat causing questions to arise. This report will answer questions concerning trench warfare like how did it come about, what happened to the soldiers fighting in the trenches, and the diseases that they experienced. Every good history student knows how the war began; but what caused trench warfare? Trench warfare was caused by the failure of the Schlieffen plan, which failed for many reasons. First the Belgians and the British Expeditionary Force (BEF),a group of almost 150,000 highly trained soldiers from Britain, put up a heavy resistance delaying the Germans. Then the Germans turned too early and instead of surrounding Paris, all the troops came in from the north. But despite their miscalculations and slight setbacks the Germans were in sight of the Eiffel Tower. However when news of attacks from Russia arrived two weeks later, troops had to be sent to the eastern front, therefore weakening the army heading for Paris. After a fierce battle with the fierce battle at the River Marne in September 1914 against the French, both the French and Germans dug trenches for shelter, then each led attempts to outflank the other. Soon after the German and French trenches stretched from Switzerland to the English Channel. As winter approached both armies dug deeper into the ground and strengthened their trenches, expecting movement to return in the spring, but this did not happen and trench warfare began. In the winter of 1914 and 1915, British generals believed a war of

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