These men went on to be known as the November criminals, a clear sign of the resentment the German people had for the men that had effectively gave in to the allies as they saw it. Though in truth they had no choice, the treaty’s vindictive terms and unreasonable reparations resulted in a shattered German economy; hyperinflation ensued with the price of everyday necessities skyrocketing, millions of the population went into poverty and unemployment levels hit 25%. Though the treaty of Versailles was not totally to blame for the economic crisis, as the Kaiser had borrowed huge amounts of money to pay for the war effort, it was the most significant cause, it not only led to economic troubles but also much of the political instability that led to the republic’s downfall who used the treaty and the
In fact the groups within the right such as the Freikorps and consul organisation showed an increasing amount of violence because of their lack of support on democracy, which of course created a tremendous threat to the Weimar Republic. To an extent one could argue that the economy was a major threat to the stability of the Weimar Republic in the period 1919-1923 due to the severe reparation payments. The Treaty of Versailles stipulated that Germany had to pay reparations for the damage which was caused in WW1. The poor leadership and economic problems consequently led to a German defeat. In 1921, the total amount of reparations was set at 269 billion gold marks.
However it can be argued that the roots of Hitler’s appointment as Chancellor in January 1933 lie in the disaster of the Wall Street Crash of 1829 and the subsequent depression. This economic crash and the rise in unemployment had the important effect of further polarising German politics. The fact that Germany’s growth in the 1920’s had been funded by American capital which was now forced to withdraw hit Germany’s industry hard. Furthermore it was unemployment and the consequential insecurity that so undermined confidence in the present structures. By 1933 over 6 million German workers were unemployed.
In 1928, the Treaty of Versailles was signed putting Germany in great debt. Along with that, Germany had to pay war reparations and give up thirteen percent of their land. Soon after this, the country fell into a depression and the people were desperately seeking a way out. The Great Depression was a world-wide event that started out as an American crisis in 1929 when stocks crashed. Financial turmoil spread throughout Europe, hitting Germany as well.
Two years later France and Belgium invaded the Ruhr and the hyperinflation was now out of control. The NSDAP, led by Adolf Hitler and General Ludendorff, tried to take over the government at this time. This bad start had three main causes. The First reason why the Weimar Republic started badly was that there were political problems. Some people were very upset that the Kaiser had been forced to leave.
To what extent was the Great Depression the main reason for Hitler’s rise to power? One of the main reasons for Hitler’s rise to power was the effects of the Great Depression of 1929. After the Wall Street crash, the U.S. called in its loans to Germany thus increasing both poverty and unemployment levels. The Weimar government did not understand how to reverse the situation so the general public became angry and lost confidence in the relatively new democratic system. During a depression, political trends become extremist and so the Nazis flourished; Hitler offered both a scapegoat and himself as a strong leader to look up to.
Treaty of Versailles was the peace treaty which officially ended World War I. it was very burdensome on the German economy. Germany was just a devastated by the war as anyone else, but they were very hard pressed to rebuild with the massive reparation payments they were required to make. But the reason why they did soo debt on them is because of Germany made a great destruction on countries, especially on French. I think the reasons for WW2 were: Treaty of Versailles, Hitler’s rise to power and Militarism. Treaty
Explain why the Weimar Republic faced problems between 1919 and 1923 The Weimar Republic faced problems between 1919 and 1923 for many reasons, including several uprisings, hyperinflation and the French occupation of the Ruhr. At the beginning of 1919 the new German government were already very unpopular because they signed the armistice at the end of 1918. Many Germans were appalled by this decision, as they believed that they could have won the war because they were so near Paris. The soldiers felt as if they had been betrayed. Stabbed in the back.
The world after the First World War was in an economic crisis for both the Allies and the Central Powers. The economy in Germany especially was hit hard by the treaty of Versailles. The world after the treaty of Versailles experienced the Great Depression, the rise of fascist dictators who lead the world to the brink of a Second World War. Countries fell vulnerable to militaristic dictators to get them out of their current desperate conditions. The treaty of Versailles in 1919 placed full blame on Germany.
Due to their harsh loss during World War One, Germany and Russia faced economic turmoil. After discovering the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, France forced Germany to not only take full responsibility for World War One but also to pay for all the reparations. Due to the terms of the treaty Germany’s economy fell into shambles. The German economy hit an absolute low when the United States’ dollar was actually worth roughly 4,500,000 German Marks. The Mark was valued so low German people were noted for using it for wallpaper.