On June 28th, 1919, the fifth year anniversary of the assassination of Austria-Hungary Archduke Franz Ferdinand, a German delegation signed the Treaty of Versailles. Ever since the treaty went into effect, it has been one of the most common beliefs around the world that its extremely harsh terms profoundly hurt Germany so greatly that even World War 2 may have been a direct result from it. However, the treaty of Versailles was neither too harsh or too light on the Germans. As many modern historians including William Keylor in his book The Legacy of the Great War: Peacemaking, 1919 agree, the Versailles treaty was a moderate peace treaty that would have been more effective if the Allies had focused more on creating better social boundaries to keep native ethnic groups separated. Although it may have helped economically, Conflicts today persist over issues between separate cultures that were forced to live side by side after the Treaty of Versailles took effect. A year before the Treaty of Versailles, the Germans imposed the Russians to sign a treaty. In the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, Germany forced Lenin, who was in the midst of establishing a new Russian government after the October Revolution to extremely severe terms. With the threat of further invasion, Germany forced Russia to give up over one million square miles of total land. A third of the population (around 55 million people) were lost with this territory, and much of it’s industry, along with the majority of it coal, iron, and oil stores (1). This was meant to severely hurt Russia, who only agreed to such terms because of the current political turmoil. In the Treaty of Versailles, the allies argued that the Germans who believed it was draconian imposed much worse on the Russians, and should suffer appropriate reprimands.
As defined, a Carthaginian Peace is “ a treaty of peace so severe that it means the