Treatment Outcome Models

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Treatment Outcome Models Introduction The available forensic treatment professional literature discusses three models of outcomes. These models influence how the desired treatment outcome is defined, the planning of the research, and the desired goals of the treatment. The models are relapse, recidivism, and harm-reduction. Clinicians need to understand these models as they help in planning for treatment in forensic settings. Relapse model Relapse refers to a situation where the victim returns to a previous state of behavior or mental condition (Percy, 2008). Relapse supports the disease model and it is linkedclosely to the medical and psychological models.It is a constituent of the overall process, which is specific to the affected individuals. Relapse is akin to a normal event that can be handled by treatment. The relapse model coincides with a number of medical and psychological behavior models. In this model,a behavior is said to be recurrent and multifaceted. This model is one of the most researched areas with a wide range of literature supporting it. Advantage - The advantage of the relapse model is its consistency with other treatment efforts. For this model, one reoccurrence of behavior or a lapse is not a treatment failure. The lapses are used as learning points and they help in understanding the pattern coupled with how to control a full relapse. Challenge - Its greatest limitation is the ambiguity in measuring the reoccurrence of the targeted behavioraccurately. In a case of criminal justice where there are costs of reporting such as sanctions, the victims are likely to hide the reoccurrences because they fear the consequences.Forensic treatment providers have to report the relapses, and thus the tendency to fear or hide the reversions makes the measurement of the reoccurrence of the targeted behavior difficult. Recidivism Model Recidivism is defined
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