Treatment Essay

1600 WordsJun 4, 20127 Pages
Treatment Discuss the aims and methods of psychoanalysis in the context of its critical concerns The goal of psychoanalysis is to help people gain insight into the unconscious origins of their disorders and to work through the accompanying feelings. To do so, analysts draw on techniques such as free association and the interpretation of dreams, resistances, and the transference to the therapist of long-repressed feelings. Like the psychoanalytic perspective on personality, psychoanalysis is criticized because its interpretations are hard to prove or disprove and because it is time-consuming and costly. The recent challenge to repressed memories, on which much of psychoanalysis is built, is also provoking intense debate. Describe the characteristics, goals, and client-centered nature of humanistic therapies Humanistic therapists focus on clients' current conscious feelings and on their taking responsibility for their own growth. In emphasizing people's inherent potential for self-fulfillment, they aim to promote growth rather than to cure illness. The client-centered counselor seeks to provide a psychological mirror that helps clients see themselves more clearly. Identify the basic assumptions of behavioral therapies from both operant and classical conditioning perspectives Instead of trying to alleviate distressing behaviors by resolving a presumed underlying problem, behavior therapists apply well-established learning principles to eliminate the unwanted behavior. They try to replace problem thoughts and maladaptive behaviors with more constructive ways of thinking and acting. Both systematic desensitization and aversive conditioning are types of counterconditioning, a procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors. In systematic desensitization, a pleasant, relaxed state is associated with gradually increasing

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