Trauma Development Essay

1349 WordsMar 30, 20156 Pages
Trauma, Child Development, and Spirituality Meriqua D. White Liberty University Research shows that each year, nearly five million children experience some form of trauma in their lives. Traumatic events include physical abuse, sexual abuse, psychological abuse, suicide, death, medical and vehicle accidents, domestic violence and maltreatment. While one traumatic event is enough to alter a child's normal course of development, it is more common for children to experience multiple traumatic events in their young lives. While trauma affects children in various ways, it has a profound impact upon the brain and in how children develop through the stages of life (La Greca, 2008). How Trauma Can Affect Child Development Trauma affects child development in several ways. One way is in a child's behaviour. Since children cannot verbalize their feelings, the changes in their behaviour can indicate they are having a difficult time processing a traumatic event. Another way trauma affects development is in a child's mood. Young children cannot regulate their emotions so they express how they are feeling in different ways (e.g., temper tantrums, crying, attachment, etc.). Trauma also affects how a child develops physically. Some children affected by traumatic events can become hypersensitive and others can experience sensorimotor problems. The developing brain in children can also be affected by trauma causing them to have learning problems, speech and language problems, and trouble understanding the difference between right and wrong (Feldman, 263). Additionally, research indicates that traumatic events, specifically maltreatment in childhood, often results in poor development at the neurobiological level. The younger a child experiences trauma, the level of stress induced upon the child is higher than normal (McCrory, 2011). A child's emotional and attentional

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