In 1928, Joseph Stalin became one of the world’s most contentious leaders. During the period that Stalin was in control of mother Russia, he transformed the Soviet Union into a modern super power. He used certain methods to change Russia. He did this by modernizing the Russian economy with his Five Year Plans. He also increased industrial and agricultural production with his policy of collectivization.
How successful were Stalin’s industrial policies in developing the Russian economy in the years 1928-41 ? During the first five year plans Stalin focuses on developing the countries economy as a means to turn the Soviet Union into a modern world power and to improve the living standards of all Soviet citizens. Later in the period Stalin focusses on establishing Russia as a world power through strengthening Russia’s military power. In order to achieve this, Stalin believed in collectivisation and industrialization. By collectivizing and industrializing the agriculture and industries.
‘To what extent did Russia undergo economic and political reform in the years 1906-1914?’ To some extent, Russia went through both political and economic reform in the years 1906-1914. 1906 saw the definite end of the 1905 revolution, and Peter Stolypin was mainly responsible for securing the position of Tsardom. He used both reforming and reactionary methods to achieve his goal, although any form of change was halted by the start of World War 1 in 1914. The first way in which Russia had moved towards economic reform in the years 1906-1914 is through Stolypin’s policies to improve agriculture and to create a wealthier class of peasants known as Kulaks. It is apparent that he achieved this as 50% of peasants owned their own land by 1915 due to the introduction of the Peasant Land Bank on 15th November 1906.
Alexander decided that to improve morale within the armed forces, service in the army could no longer be given as a punishment in a court of law, the term of service was reduced by ten years and punishments within the army were made much less severe. The difficulties were also due to Russia’s small industrial force and poor travel routes, while it had the biggest army in the world, badly made roads and antiquated weaponry kept the military from reaching its full potential. The first and only of Alexander’s industrial reforms to be implemented during his reign as Tsar was the building of the first Russian railway. Alexander had many other industrial reforms planned, but due to his assassination, these were put in place during the reign of his son Alexander III. Alexander also realised that in order for the country to move forward industrially, it had to move away from its dependence on serfdom and its archaic social system.
In addition, the railway cost the country a lot of money and a lot of time to build, so it can be argued that the railway was not even worth building in the first place as that money could have gone to other important industrial plans or improving conditions for workers. Secondly, Witte took out numerous large foreign loans from more industrialised countries to bring in more money for the country. This temporarily solved Russia’s economic problems, however later resulted in a lot of debt, especially to the French, which caused huge economic problems for Russia, whose
John majors government came into office after the downfall of Margret Thatcher, which ultimately created divisions within the party. Not only did the party suffer from the internal conflict but also faced the problems of the recession after the ‘Lawson boom’. In order to stabilise the economy he joined the ERM getting a good deal but ultimately resulting in ‘black Wednesday’ causing Major to raise interest rates to 15%. This was political suicide and he soon lost the support of the press we had once relied so much on to get re-elected in 1992. The housing market also plummeted leading to negative equity, which the majority of the working class could not afford resulting in the repossession of their houses combined with the drastic increase in unemployment Britain was in a mess.
However, Hitler was not happy with this as his spending on the military was being limited, which meant only a certain number of tanks/planes were being produced. Schachts plan lasted 4 years before a new plan was introduced, Goring’s 4 year plan. This plan revolved around the military and the purchase of materials suitable for the military. This created a very bad balance of trade. Germany now needed more money which resulted in more debts which were piling up from outstanding reparation payments.
Obviously it is evident that Henkel Iberica current process isn’t working due to challenges of forecast exactness and demand variability for all the products it offers. The evidence is clear in the data from 2000 to 2001 as overall sales increased 2.2% but net earnings decreased by 5.7%. For a company to be profitable, focus should be on net earnings and not sales and providing a wide range of products to satisfy every customer. The loss of earnings is most likely due to not having the right product mix and volume at the right time as well as lack of communication between sales and
How successful were Stalin's industrial policies in developing the Russian economy in the years 1928-41? Stalin took power in the USSR in 1928. He immediately began the Five Year Plans. His aim was to modernise Soviet industry, and bridge the gap between the Western Democracies (including Nazi Germany). Despite their inaccurate names (none of them actually lasted 5 years), these economic experiments laid the foundation for the emergence of the USSR as a world superpower.
Abstract In 1990 Siemens AG merged with Nixdorf Computer to form Siemens Nixdorf Informationssysteme (SNI). SNI faced major challenges in becoming profitable after the merger. Decision making mainly trickled down from executives. The company was also not exploiting growing markets. These factors resulted in a failure to be profitable all four years since the merger.