Trans-Saharan Route - Ccot

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Human species developed techniques and organized their societies to live more comfortably and stably. And these societies have interacted with one another, using routes in various ways to promote their standard of lives in more efficiently. The usage of these routes varied from trade to war, and trans-Saharan caravan routes is not an exception. Between about 300B.C.E to 100 C.E, Nubian kingdom and Moroë used trans-Saharan caravan routes to trade with India, Arabia and Mediterranean countries. Mineral wealth flowed out of Moroë and luxury goods in Arabia and India flowed in When Roman Empire thrived, trans-Saharan route revived as one of the most important trading routes connecting Africa and Eurasia. During the days of this era, Africa supplied Italy with gold and wild animals, and Rome supplied luxury goods and some of the techniques from scientific product to city-building. The major change of functioning of trans-Saharan route was brought about by the use of the domesticated camel and the development of camel saddle. some camel bones have been found recently in the Senegal valley helped archeologist assume that the use of camel dates back to 300 A.D. Guide by Berber, which have begun in trade between northern Africa and kingdom of Ghana in about 500 A.D also helped the route thrive, ensuring safe trade passage. [ Through this development, the usage of trans-Saharan routes increased, and enabled Eurasian people to contact more often with southern Africa. But because of harsh environment of Saharan desert, this trade was more limited than other routes, and regular trade routes did not develop between 600 B.C. and 600 A.D., and even until the beginnings of the Islamic conversion of West Africa in the 7th and 8th centuries. And difficulty of aggressive and massive movement because of harsh environment would be the cause that there were almost no wars using

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