Traditional Approaches to Behaviour

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Traditional behaviour support practices and alternative approaches have been extensively showcased throughout years of society to assist challenging behaviour in children, youth and adults. There is great evidence that behaviour hinders “with quality of life…and presents major difficulties for family, peer and other community relationships” (Harvey, Boer, Meyer and Evans, 2009; as cited in Alberto & Troutman, 2006). Over time it has been seen to be paramount for the welfare of people expressing challenging behaviour to undergo through extensive interventions and support strategies. This essay will explore various issues used in traditional support practices and the alternative to these approaches. It will outline what is considered inappropriate or appropriate correlating to the two matters. The focus of behaviour therapy is to modify undesirable behaviours in people. Behaviour is defined as something that is measurable and apparent which then helps in the process of dealing with the change for behaviour (Baer, Wolf, & Risley, 1968; as cited in Alberto et. al., 2006). Evidence has suggested that behavioural characteristics can stem from the persons environment, however, also have some hereditary basis as certain behaviours may result from excesses or deficiencies in the body. This is described as biochemical explanations (Alberto et. al., 2006). One significant movement which has been visible to many people has been the use of positive behaviour support (also referred to as PBS). “Positive Behaviour Support intervenes to accommodate risk factors, prevent stimulus events and prevent behaviour from occurring” and includes two main strategies; these are Preventative: Actions to eliminate the triggers for the behaviour and reactive: Actions to take when the behaviour has occurred” (Van Dam, 2013 p.5-6). Positive behaviour support and its factors have been

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