Lots of pre- and early adolescent children with bipolar disorder are more severely ill than adults with the disease. Around 25% of children with bipolar disorder are seriously suicidal and have a much higher risk for mixed mania, multiple and continuous cycles, and a long duration of illness without a gap in between (Suicide Rate, 2007). According to the National Mental Association statistics 30 to 70% of suicide victims have suffered from some kind of depression. Interestingly, men commit almost 75% of these suicides, even though twice as many women attempt it (Statistics,
PTSD The definition of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an individual that has been exposed and diagnosed to any kind of threat of physical harm that encourages feelings of fear, helplessness, or horror (American Psychiatric Association, 1994). Some researchers suggest that PTSD is a common outcome of head trauma, whereas others hold that it is a rare or nonexistent outcome (Boake, 1996; Sbordone & Liter, 1995). As a common outcome of head trauma, some cognitive injuries may occur: Sleep difficulties, diminished interests, irritability, poor concentration and exaggerated startle response, to the more problematic symptoms of: Memory loss or forgetfulness, difficulty with attention, speed of information processing and problem solving.
Understand Mental Health problems Learning outcome 1- Know the main forms of Mental health. 1.1 Describe the main types of Mental ill health according to the psychiatric classification system. Mood disorders - These disorders, also called affective disorder, involve persistent feelings of sadness or periods of feeling overly happy, or fluctuations from extreme happiness to extreme sadness. The most common mood disorders are depression, mania and bipolar disorder. Personality Disorder - People with personality disorders have extreme and inflexible personality traits that are distressing to the person and/or cause problems in work, school or social relationships.
The stress of abuse could trigger chest pain or angina, and may be a factor in other serious heart problems. High blood pressure, breathing problems, stomach problems (ulcers), and panic attacks are common stress-related symptoms among older people who experience abuse. Other long term effects could be a loss of mobility, depression, anxiety, changes in behaviour, behavioural issues and negative relationships. Many adults experiencing abuse are isolated. Individuals who abuse adults often threaten, harass, or intimidate them.
Three aspects of burnout are emotional exhaustion, negative, cynical attitudes and feelings about one’s clients and the tendency to evaluate oneself negatively with regards to one’s work with clients. Consequences of burnout can have serious consequences to staff, patients and the healthcare institutions involved. The studies conducted led to the development of the Maslach Burnnout Inventory
Feldman tells us: “(m)iddle adulthood is generally a healthy period, but people become more susceptible to … arthritis, diabetes, and hypertension, and they have a higher death rate than before. However, the death rate among people in middle adulthood in the United States has been steadily declining” (2011, p. 506). Middle adults of higher socioeconomic status have fewer incidents of disease and middle adults of lower socioeconomic have more incidents of disease (Feldman 2011). People gain weight, decline in height and strength, and the lens of the eyes change causing diminished night vision; middle adults, also, experience declines in near vision and awareness of three dimensions (Feldman 2011). Also, cases of glaucoma, one of the diseases that causes blindness, increases during middle adulthood; hearing ability also declines, this involves being unable to pick some high-frequency sounds and some loss of “sound localization” (Feldman, 2011, p.505).
It is common for those suffering from BPD and their families to feel confused by a lack of clear diagnosis, effective treatments and accurate information. It is true that the disorder originates in the families of those who suffer from it, and is closely related to traumatic events during childhood and to PTSD. SIGNS AND SYMTOMS Studies suggest that individuals with BPD tend to experience frequent, strong and Long-lasting states of aversive tension, often triggered by perceived rejection, being alone or perceived
Of that 10%, about 2% suffer from Borderline Personality Disorder.This disorder usually arrises in young adults, 75% of those affected are females. Borderline Personality Disorder is a serious psychiatric illness. These patients typically partake in multiple self destructive impulsive activities, including: gambling, reckless driving, sexual activities, and impulsive spending habits. It is common for a BPD patient to respond to stressful events with major mood swings, although they only last a short period of time. The patients mood swings can trigger arguments with friends or family which can result in a suicide attempt.
The frequency of the tics is known to fluctuate and include eye blinking, twitching, grunting, and head shaking. (Phelps, 2008) The afflicted often will have social inappropriateness, trouble with the law, coprolalia, and copropraxia (Channon et al, 2009). Both types of tics must be present in order to diagnose the person with Tourette’s. If only one symptom is present, the patient’s disorder would be diagnosed as either chronic motor or visual tic disorder. Tics may occur from one to a thousand times per hour (Friedman, 1980).
| |Dysthymic disorder can occur alone or along with other psychiatric or mood disorders. As with depression, dysthymic disorder is more common | |in women than in men. A family history of mood disorders is not uncommon. This mood disorder tends to appear earlier than major depression, | |although it can begin anytime from childhood to later in life. | |Up to 5% of the general population is affected by dysthymic disorder.