Nazism was a revolution, and revolutions tend to devour their own.” The words of Robert Smith Thompson (2003, 141) have just described the crisis that was facing the Weimar Republic in the years 1933-1939. Adolf Hitler had risen to power and the 14 year old democratic republic was about to be eradicated in favour of something more sinister. Totalitarianism can be described as relating to a form of government that permits no rival loyalties or parties, demanding entire subservience of the individual to the state (the Concise Oxford dictionary). A totalitarian state’s ideologies reject existing societies as corrupt, immoral and beyond reform. They demand total conformity of all the people and their ideas and information is displayed through effective use of propaganda (TV, radio, press and education.)
Possibly the greatest vulnerability was 'the weakness within' - the constitution gave the President, the states and the military too much control, whilst proportional voting meant that the Reichstag was separated and weak. There was no single party in complete control and parties had to join together to form a government. However, each party had different goals which caused in-fighting and instability making it difficult for the Reichstag, with its many changes in power, to govern effectively. This was reflected in 376 political assassinations up to 1923. From the start there was economic instability because of the cost of World War One and there was widespread disillusion within the German people.
“To what extent do the novels ‘Animal farm’ and ‘1984’ show how authoritarian governments create social structures within the respective societies they discuss which isolate individuals and thereby control them.” ‘1984’ and ‘Animal Farm’ were both written to show the dangers of authoritarian and ultranationalist governments after George Orwell fought for the communist Spain against the fascist in 1936. However Orwell saw how both sides manipulated their people with empty promises and ideals while the privileged class benefited from the hard labour of their people, this dissolution happened when he returned to Barcelona after fighting on the front; he found it a changed city. No longer a place where the socialist word “comrade” was really felt to mean something, it was a city returning to "normal". Even worse, he was to find that the group he was with, the POUM (Partido Obrero de Unificación de Marxista), was now accused of being a Fascist militia, secretly helping the fascist leader Franco. And this is reflected in the two novels.
Totalitarianism from Total Domination In the essay “Total Domination,” written by Hannah Arendt; she discusses Nazism in the form totalitarianism as “True Terror”. If not for the survivors of the cruel brutality of totalitarian states, it would almost be impossible to believe it ever happened. What is Totalitarianism? Totalitarianism is a form of government in our political system, which gives absolute power to one ruler (dictator) who cannot be restricted by any type of constitution or law. The rise of totalitarianism governments started before WWII, but after the Great Depression when fascism became an ideology of society.
During this time, East Germans became fed up with the oppressive policies of the Stazi, the antics of Honecker’s government, and the hated symbol of the Berlin Wall. They reacted against the only thing they could change and tore down the wall. Poland was another major country that disintegrated from communism. Under the lead of Lech Walesa, Poland was growing a rebellious strength. With Gorbachev as Russia’s leader, reforms were putin place as well as removing many USSR restrictions of satellite countries.
Weaknesses of the constitution The republic was always associated with defeat and the Treaty of Versailles. The high number of parties meant that decisions were often difficult to take – too many of these parties wanted to destroy the republic. The powers of the President allowed him to be become a dictator if he wished. If the states wanted to overthrow the Federal government they could. The Treaty of Versailles.
V for Vendetta is set in a dystopian future United Kingdom. It has a totalitarian government which is when a single leader or group controls every aspect of public and private behavior. As the story progresses, you will find similarities and differences to present day America. In the book, the people do not have a say and whatever the government says goes. Adam Susan is the leader of the whole country.
Through his poems, Owen highlights the unjust experiences of soldiers to create a protest against the bureaucracy because of how they justified the harming and killing of many for their own political gain. He does this by highlighting the actions and inactions of the bureaucracy that contribute to benefit of the administration. This can be explored in his poems ‘Parable of the Old Man and the Young’ (Parable) and the epic war poem ‘Disabled’. These two poems employ Owens message of anti-war sentiment to establish a connection with the audience through his manipulation of poetic techniques. Owen highlights such unjust experiences of the soldiers to augment his argument against the bureaucracy.
Danger of Ignorance by Kantapan Ratchapon An abstract idea as ignorance is widely used as a theme in many literary works involved with religious or politics. An Enemy of People (1882) written by Henrik Ibsen is a play about politics and social issue as corruption related with ignorance of people. Ignorance can be viewed as an infected disease spreading widely throughout the town. The ignorance, as a consequence, obstructs the town from any developments. Besides, all kind of illegal or immoral activities would remain and root deeply in the society if most of citizens are ignorance.
Political opponents were either imprisoned or exiled, and those who fled abroad were deprived of their citizenship. The State also censored newspapers, and put all local government under fascist administrators. Mussolini’s fascism was based on the concept of dynamism, which made the Party give off an impression of constant