They demand total conformity of all the people and their ideas and information is displayed through effective use of propaganda (TV, radio, press and education.) Totalitarian states can be applied to most political beliefs (fascism-Hitler, communism-Stalin etc) Fascists and communists may not have much in common on the belief side of things but in order to achieve a totalitarian state, both had to manipulate the key social, economic and political structures of the current government to achieve the rule they wanted. Adolf Hitler was appointed chancellor on the 30 January 1933, by Paul von Hindenburg; the president at that time. When Hindenburg died on August 2nd 1934, Hitler
Totalitarianism from Total Domination In the essay “Total Domination,” written by Hannah Arendt; she discusses Nazism in the form totalitarianism as “True Terror”. If not for the survivors of the cruel brutality of totalitarian states, it would almost be impossible to believe it ever happened. What is Totalitarianism? Totalitarianism is a form of government in our political system, which gives absolute power to one ruler (dictator) who cannot be restricted by any type of constitution or law. The rise of totalitarianism governments started before WWII, but after the Great Depression when fascism became an ideology of society.
This view is supported by the orthodox historical opinion which is explained in source V by Michael Burleigh. He states that the “governement was characterised by multi-centred incoherence” because the different state institutions all competed to work towards the Fuhrer and his ideology. This is exemplified by the way in which different institutions focussed on Hitlers different views on how the economy should be used. On the one hand Hjalmar Schact, Reich Minister of Economics, tried to focus the economy on the living standards and employment opportunities for the public. On the other hand Hermann Goering, head of the Four Year Plan, aimed to focus the economy onto preparing the country for war.
To what extent can Nazism in power be seen as totalitarianism in the period 1933-1939? Totalitarianism is often defined as a system of government where the state controls all aspects of life, individuals are subordinated to the state and any parties of differing opinion are suppressed, a description that fits the rule of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1939 perfectly. During Hitler’s rule, he embedded all these totalitarian characteristics as evident with the many features and atrocities of his reign like Terror and Repression through events like the Night of Long Knives, Policies that gave him complete control of all aspects of German lifestyle and Propaganda used to ensure people were subordinated to his totalitarian regime. Hitler ensured he would be an unchallenged dictator with no effective opposition in order to maintain power by eliminating enemies through acts of atrocity or through force through Terror and Repression, most notably the Night Of Long Knives. The aim of Night of Long Knives was to eliminate all who Hitler perceived as a threat to Germany and his cause like leaders of the SA and other ‘enemies’ like communists and Jews.
Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy To what extent did Hitler and Mussolini establish a totalitarian regime? Totalitarianism is first of all only a word, but behind this word eras of terror and death are marked. People living under these regimes were led by fear, brought on by individuals who, through outside circumstances, a number of happenings and their own abilities, were able to rise to the position of a dictator, leaving the society with a decision of either showing loyalty to the leader or death. But what is it that characterises a totalitarian dictatorship? Of course there are many similarities as well as differences between the various totalitarian regimes that were in power in the past; however it can generally be said that the six major resemblances include well elaborated ideologies, an organised single mass party, a system of terror as well as propaganda affecting the citizens, a centrally directed economy together with a weapons monopoly.
How important was Hitler compared to the depression in the Nazis coming to power in 1933? The story of why Hitler came to power is about the reasons why the German people lost their senses and allowed a vicious madman to come to power. Hitler’s rise to power was based upon long term factors, resentment in the German people, and the weakness of the Weimar system- which he exploited through propaganda, the terror of his storm troopers and the brilliance of his speeches. In this essay I’m going to be looking at and answering the question of ‘how important was Hitler compared to the depression in the Nazis coming to power in 1933?’ Hitler's rise to power cannot be attributed to one event, but a mixture of factors including events happening
To What Extent Was Charismatic Leadership a Contributory Factor In The Rise Of Totalitarianism? Richard Rothwell I will look at three different regimes and their respective leaders and analyse their rise to power. I shall consider the long and short term factors that had an effect on each regimes rise and consider them in comparison in an attempt to gauge just how much the charisma of each leader was accountable to the rise. Fascism was largely born of the ruling classes’ fear of democracy empowering the lower classes and the fear of wide scale socialist revolution. Since the Enlightenment liberalism had flourished.
This essay will examine the main factors that enabled Hitler to create his empire and argue that all these factors accounted to the legality of his control over every aspect of Germany’s society, enabling Hitler to establish a dictatorship. The means that enabled him to do this were the manipulation of the legal system and the control of three branches of society: the media, the unions and the army. The manipulation of the legal system formed a foundation for Hitler to establish a dictatorship. After the previous Chancellor resigned within a month, it was obvious that the Weimar system of government was not working. Hindenburg needed a Chancellor who had realistic support in the Reichstag and Hitler was given the position.
He then intended for a mass increase in resource production to take place, which in fact did occur over the coming plans. Another political reason was that Stalin needed to develop a reputation that would supress that of Lenin. This was very important for Stalin as people viewed him as Lenin’s underdog, stating that Stalin lived in his shadow constantly referring to him whenever possible. This therefore retained Lenin’s god-like figure, which angered Stalin. He then decided to talk about Lenin’s mistakes to the Bolshevik Party, which came as a huge
Intro: At the height of his reign, Adolf Hitler was the most powerful and influential leader of his time. From his appointment as Chancellor of Germany in 1933 to his suicide in 1945 marking the close of WW2 in Europe, the hand of Hitler and the Nazi Party would stretch to all reaches of Germany enforcing totalitarian ideals and practices, a reflection of Hitler’s own fantasy. A country led by one party, led by one man as Hitler would cite, “ There must be no majority decisions, but only responsible persons, and the word 'council' must be restored to its original meaning. Surely every man will have advisers by his side, but the decision will be made by one man.” (Cited in Mein Kampf, 1925) Once power was established by the Nazi Party, Hitler would exercise his control over all aspects of German military and civilian life, including Education, economy, sport, religion, art and culture, and quite importantly gender roles most focused on women. Aims: Hitler believed solely in the theory of ‘eugenics’.