The police and the SA arrested all the communist leaders, their meetings were broken up and newspapers closed down. Also the banning of the trade unions was a contributing factor. He filled all of the legal positions with Nazis so that they can get the results that they wanted. The judges who weren’t Nazis were only allowed to be reappointed if they took an oath of loyalty to Hitler. The enabling law gave him complete control when it was passed on the 23rd March 1933.
(Most of these were later closed). From April 1933 till February 1934, a series of measures abolishing the federal structure of Germany and massively strengthening the powers of the central government was introduced and in May 1933 a decree was issued banning all parties except the NSDAP (Nazis) also independent labour/trade unions were also banned at the same time. - Also appointment of an official 'Reichsbischof' ('Reich
World War II was the result of Hitler's “master” plan. Adolf's master plan consisted of taking over the world with the power of his philosophy called Nazism. Nazism is a German National Socialist party. He was very clear about his views and goals of the future world. Hitler expressed that Germans were superior and all other races were irrelevant.
With the Nazi Party now firmly rooted in the political scene, Hitler sought to combine his power through the implementation of the Enabling Act; this law would effectively abolish any trace of power held by the Reichstag and the president. The introduction of the Gleichschaltung from 1933 to 1934 allowed a widespread reconfiguration of all areas of German life and thus saw the Nazification of the nation, enforcing the extent to which Nazi ideology had permeated the scope of German society and the limitless parameters of Hitler’s authority. This was assisted by the intimidation inspired by Hitler’s SA and SS, who successfully eliminated any opposition of the Nazi state. Finally, however, it was the support of the Reichswehr that would pave the rule of Nazism in Germany, which was only obtained as a result of the Night of the Long Knives, where the threat of usurpation by the SA was abolished and Hitler’s ruler ship in the event of Hindenburg’s death was guaranteed. The conservative parties and elites made up of the army, right-wing parties, politicians, businessmen and Junkers had a major role in the
One of the factors that possibly made Germany seem very much like an autocracy is the power the Kaiser had to dissolve the Reichstag ant to appoint a Chancellor of his choice. In all of these situations the Kaiser held supreme power and he needed no democratic authorisation – what he said was the final decision. It appeared the Kaiser used his power in order to shape the German government, an example of this is in 1900 when he appointed von Bulow as Chancellor in the hope that he could exercise power of the decisions he made. However, when von Bulow tried to assert how own authority following the, what could be considered, disastrous Daily Telegraph he was forced to hand in his resignation because he had lost the support, he initially had, of the Kaiser. This is an example of a strong autocratic element within the constitution.
Stalin, Mussolini, and Hitler, all from different political beliefs felt as though they each needed to complete control over the state, and they would have stopped at nothing in order to achieve their goals and fulfill their own idea of a utopic state. This paper will cover each of the three men’s rise to power, as well as their social, political and economic policies that helped them achieve rank as head of the state. The paper will start off by focusing on Stalin’s rise to power, his political policies and public perception, and how his means of political authority negatively affected the state. The paper will then switch focuses and concentrate on Mussolini and his rise to power and how Mussolini’s fascist beliefs impacted the Italian economic, social, and political sectors. Lastly, the paper will then focus on Hitler and the rise of the Nazi regime.
It maintained control through a mixture of propaganda and intimidation. 1. Government (Political Control) The way Hitler consolidated power in 1933-34 meant that the Nazis had complete control of national and regional government. (Political parties were banned - only the Nazi party is allowed to exist on 14th June 1933.) 2.
To what extent did Stalin establish a personal dictatorship in the years 1929-1939? Between 1929 and 1939? Stalin’s personal dictatorship was complete control by Stalin himself. Stalin used various ways to establish a personal dictatorship. In order to do this Stalin instituted a party purge to silence the opposition of Riutin and his supporters, the assassination of Kirov, executed delegated party congresses, The trial of the twenty-one and general Purges.
Thus we can see that by the end of the 1920s, Stalin had definitely created a totalitarian state, but to what extent? One example of the way in which the USSR under Stalin was a totalitarian state was the great purges. The purges were the process by which Stalin eliminated all the competition that he had in the communist party, including Communist Party members and Government officials who were potential rivals or threats to him, those who criticized his policies and even the innocent few. Stalin held show trials for those party members who opposed him – including famously the trial of the sixteen, seventeen and twenty one, which all individually eliminated Kamenev, Zinoviev, Bukharin and Rykov. These trials were meant for the people to see and serve as a warning to any people planning to oppose Stalin.
Then, Hitler took office as Chancellor of the Third Reich. The Gypsies were “officially identified as non-Aryan by the Nuremberg Law of 1935”. According to Hitler and most Germans, Gypsies were considered to be asocial and second-class citizens. This is considered of all Gypsies, even those who haven’t been charged with any crimes. Gypsy children also were no longer allowed to attend school (Pottanat 2).