Tortula of Salerno

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EDUCATION IN THE MIDDLE AGES. EDUCATED WOMEN. THE CASE OF TROTULA OF SALERNO. In the XIth century, we find the Medical School of Salerno and a group of women dedicated to the study and practice of medicine, the ladies of Salerno. They made great contributions in science in what historians recognize as the rebirth of the science in the first centuries of the Middle Ages. Of all these women whose work contributed especially in the fields of gynecology and obstetrics, emphasizes Trotula of Salerno who, with her own researches, studies and knowledge of Medicine of Hippocrates and Galen, has placed in a privileged place in the field of science. Little it is what we know about the life of Trotula. It is said that she lived in the Italian city of Salerno, between the XIth and XIIth centuries, where she taught at the Medical School, in which many women were students and teachers of the science. Some have identified her as Dr Johannes Platerius’ wife, and Matthias and Johannes the younger’s mother. It is thought that she died in her hometown in 1097. Medical School of Salerno. The historical background was the Middle Ages where the science, philosophy, art, and vitals and social models must be reconvert with a new element: the religion. Science and religion start a new trip together, the first signs of cultural development were on the cloisters. The Medical School of Salerno was a no- religious institution that gave the women the opportunity of learns in fields which were only for men up to that moment. Not only medicine was taught there but it was deposited the medical knowledge of the time. We found Trotula in an educational institution which was considered as the first University in Europe. If she was a teacher of medicine in the school of Salerno, we can say that, previously, she should study there. It is possible to imagine Trotula attending courses during a
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