Token Economy Essay

428 Words2 Pages
1. What were the researchers attempting to do in this study? How did they do it? Were they ultimately successful? What evidence supports your conclusion? -The researchers were attempting to examine the efficacy of a token economy in reducing lost-time injuries among the employees of two mines. -Fox, Hopkins & Anger (1987) took employees of two mines and first established baseline data of lost-time injuries among employees. The researchers divided workers of both mines into one of four groups according to the level of hazard in their job. Group I was least hazardous and group IV was most hazardous, as determined by baseline measurements of lost-time at work due to injury. Researchers then introduced a token economy. They gave individual workers a specified number of stamps at the end of each month if they had no occurrences of injuries that led to time off work, compensation or the care of a physician. In addition to those stamps awarded on individual basis, workers were awarded additional stamps if all of all co-workers under the same supervisor had no occurrences of such injuries. Workers were also awarded stamps if they acted in a way beneficial to safety such as making a useful safety suggestion, preventing injury to others or other special actions. If an employee suffered an injury leading to time off work, medical treatment or compensation they were awarded no stamps for 1 month if they missed 1-2 work days, 2 months if 3-4 work days, 3 months if 5-6 days, 4 months if 7-8 days, 5 if 9-10 and 6 months if 10 days or more were missed. The month prior to implementing the token economy, works at both mines who demonstrated a certain lack of injury/damage were awarded 10,000 stamps. Stamps could be exchanged for merchandise at local stores. -They found significant results indicating they were successful. At both mines there were substantial decreases

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