Toddler Research Paper

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Toddler Paper "In the first two years, rapid growth is obvious in all three domains - body, mind, and social relationships." (Berger, pg.131) The purpose of this paper is to show how the everyday experiences of a child can prove theories and concepts of child development. The observation took place on March 6, 2012 from 6:30pm to 7:30pm. The children that were observed were 18 month old Gianna, 16 month old Dylan, and 20 month old Jason. "Biosocial development includes all the growth and change that occur in a person's body and the genetic, nutritional, and health factors that affect that growth and change. Motor skills - everything from grasping a rattle to driving a car - are also part of the biosocial domain." (Berger, pg.12) Nature…show more content…
Cognition encompasses perception, imagination, judgment, memory, and language - the processes people use to think, decide, and learn. Education - not only the formal curriculum in schools but also informal learning - is part of this domain as well." (Berger, pg.12) Piaget considers adaptation the "essence of intelligence". (Berger, pg. 165) Learning is an active process which leads to the creation of schemas. Schemas are concepts or ideas of what things are. Schemas are constructed as we encounter new experiences and engage in the process of adaptation. (instructor, ch.6 notes). The process begins with the equilibrium which is thrown off by a new experience. The brain then tries assimilation, putting into mind by force, or accommodation, trying new ways to absorb knowledge. This leads to the new equilibrium/schema. (instructor, ch.2 notes) Children construct their own schemas through hands on experimentations and exploration. (instructor, ch.6 lecture…show more content…
(instructor, chapter 5 lecture notes) Piaget outlines four periods of intelligence. The first one takes place over the first 24 months of life and is divided into six stages. This first stage is what Piaget referred to as sensorimotor intelligence. (Berger, pg.166) The first two stages are referred to as the primary circular reactions. The first stage takes up the first month. It is the reflexive schemas which is all things done by reflex such as sucking or a jump at a noise, also known as the startle reflex. (instructor, ch.6 lecture notes) From month one to month four is the second stage is the first acquired adaptation where the child has repeated an action enough to learn what the return of that action is. Month three and four are the secondary circular reactions. The third stage is month four to month eight where the child is becoming aware of things. During this stage a child might see a favorite toy or their parent and recognize that object and attempt to interact. Stage four is new adaptation and anticipation which takes up month eight through twelve. This is where the infant may think about a goal and how to achieve it. For example; the infant might see their mother grabbing their purse and in an understanding that the mother is getting ready to leave, that infant might grab one of toys as if they are

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