From then on party leaders were erratic and kept changing, meaning there was little stability in the Conservative party, which made them vulnerable to attack. After Peel was beaten in the Corn Laws crisis, many strong leader figures left with him such as Gladstone. This meant the party was left with the back bench aristocracy who were not all that interested in the wellbeing of the party and let it deteriorate. This was not at all the only problem that the conservatives faced. The truth was that their policies simply did not appeal to the majority of the voting population any more.
The October Revolution 1. Provisional Government problems • The Bolsheviks succeeded because the Provisional Government was weak and unpopular (remember that Government That’s Provisional Will Be Killed) • When it was attacked, nobody was prepared to defend it. • Although the palace was defended weakly by the junker cadets, most of the Bolshevik soldiers were unwilling to fire on fellow Russians or on the buildings of the Russian capital. • negotiated with the junkers, eventually convincing many of them to give up. • Although some accounts claim that a few shots were fired, little or no violence ensued 2.
In the testament, Lenin flawed all of the main power contenders at the time of his death. The testament stated that Stalin had to be removed from his powerful positions, Trotsky was too self-assured and Zinoviev and Kamenev didn’t support the October incident and therefore had questionable loyalty. By criticising all the main contenders to be named successor meant that it seemed Lenin didn’t want anyone to take charge of the USSR! This links with his ego affecting why there was no obvious successor because his testament shows how he didn’t trust anyone to be able to carry on his theory in the USSR. The
Although many people in the country were dissatisfied with the provisional government, there was a great lack of ideas and willingness to take responsibility to rule properly. In many ways, Lenin was the only Russian politician at the time who was seen as a confident person aware of his actions. Nevertheless, only a few members of the provisional government, including Kerensky, recognized the threat of the Bolshevik's party. As a result, despite Kerensky’s efforts to take up actions against the Bolsheviks, other ministers in his party refused to support him and instead were likely to take up negotiations with the Bolsheviks. In April Lenin returned from exile in Switzerland to Petrograd in order to inspire the russian people and to make them realize the great importance of a communist revolution.
Ultimately, the Chartists did not achieve any of their six aims whilst they were still an active organisation. This failure can be linked to a number of reasons, both internal and external to the Chartist movement. Internally, several divides prevented the Chartists being a united and a strong organisation. The most obvious divide was between those who supported the use of ‘moral’ force, led by William Lovett, and those who supported ‘physical’ force, led by Feargus O’Connor. The clashes of Lovett and O’Connor meant there was a lack of effective leadership at crucial times in the movement.
One of the ways how Stalin defeated the left side of the party was to make an alliance with Bukharin. This ended with Trotsky, Zinoviev and Kamenev losing their power bases. This gave Stalin a lot more power and meant there was no real threat left. I know from my own knowledge that Trotsky formed the alliance with Zinoviev and Kamenev because Stalin was a big threat. Stalin was more popular because of Trotsky’s “political paralysis” he couldn’t be a good public speaker.
This is shown by one main foe to the tsar the social democrats being split between the Bolsheviks led by the Lenin and the Mensheviks. Lenin wanted to limit party membership to a smaller core of active members, whilst the Menshevik’s wanted to grow awareness of the organisation by letting more people into it. Due to this split in the social democrats they able to weren’t united was a major advantage for the Tsar because the opposition were unable to effectively attack and sustain any power, thus resulting in Tsarism surviving. Also due to the split between the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks there was effectively no leader of the social democrats, which meant a lack organisation, and unity at the time the revolution took place. By ensuring that the army remained loyal to Nicholas, much needed support was confirmed to allow the Tsar to survive.
Dukes were usually direct relatives of the king, however Suffolk and Somerset were not, where as Richard of York was. York being another big player in the nobility was upset by the favor to the other men and saw it as unfair. This action of Henry was not thought out clearly, it created friction between his main members in the nobility. The strongest powers begging to have issues with one another and spilt could be argued the bringing and most important cause
Anti-Federalist felt that the Constitution gave more power to central government and less to the states. They also argued that the constitution would become too weak because the central government wouldn’t be able to run all states as a result of being too distant and removed from interest of common citizens and farmers. They feared that the Federalists' new government would be too similar to the harsh regimes of Europe which held great power and thus repressed the people. Anti-Feds were extremely scared of a strong central government and the fact that under the new Constitution, the federal government was more powerful than individual states. Another argument was that the states could not print money
Therefore he would not listen to other wise diplomats, such as Talleyrand. His ego and ambition got in the way of common sense and this helped to lead to his downfall and he tried the impossible, like invading Russia. Napoleon's method of enforcing his rule and ideas on all the countries he defeated also helped turn countries against him. This is because they did not always like the French way of living and this caused the people to feel bitter towards Napoleon. There are also a couple of larger factors that led to Napoleon's downfall.