To What Extent Was the Naacp Responsible for the Success of the Civil Rights Campaign in the Years 1945-57?

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Many factors contributed to the success of the Civil Rights Campaign during 1945-1957. The NAACP was one the most prominent and largest Civil Rights groups of the time, which a membership that had grown to 450,000 members. The NAACP’s main focus was on challenging ‘de jure’ discrimination by using methods such as peaceful protests and campaigns. However, other factors including other organisation such as the SNCC and CORE helped to gain support for the Civil Rights movement. Furthermore, key individuals like Martin Luther King Jr and Rosa Parks helped to draw attention to the cause and support the success of the Civil Rights campaign. The NAACP supported a series of Supreme Court cases which eventually resulted in the end of ‘de jure’ desegregation. The NAACP supported African-Americans who were being discriminated against; an example of a successful case for the NAACP is the Brown v. Board of Education in 1954. The Civil Rights group sponsored Thurgood Marshall to act on behalf of Oliver Brown, which resulted in the breakdown of the Plessy v. Ferguson reasoning of ‘separate but equal’. Furthermore, the NAACP supported the case against Milam and Bryant in 1955 for the lynching of 14-year old Emmett Till, the NAACP helped by protecting his uncle Moses Wright. This allowed Mose Wright to give his testimony, drawing media attention in the blatant racism in the Deep South. The NAACP was also responsible for the success of the Civil Rights Campaign through peaceful protests, for example they organised the Montgomery Bus Boycott which led to the desegregation of buses in Alabama in the Bowler v. Gayle case. The Role of Individuals was another factor contributing to the success of the Civil Rights Campaign during 1945-57. Rosa Parks helped as she started the bus boycott of Montgomery by refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger. Rosa Parks was secretary for the
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