To What Extent Was the Cold War Inevitable?

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To what extent was the cold war inevitable? The end of World War II can be seen to mark the expiration of what can be argued as, an unlikely alliance. The Cold War can be claimed to be greatly inevitable post-war due to the absence of a unifying interest of defeating Nazi Germany and Hitler. Here, the clash of ideology presents the most obvious cause of conflict between the two nations; capitalism and communism. The debate surrounding the inevitability of the Cold War and diplomatic relations between Russia and America will be explored from a traditionalist, revisionist and post-revisionist standpoint. Furthermore the personalities of Stalin and Truman during the war will be discussed and whether such would cause the beginning of the war to be predictable. It then appears clear to suggest that post-war securities and the spread of ideology causes the war to be inevitable. The traditionalist understanding of the Cold War would indicate the inevitable nature of the war on the basis of the significantly opposing ideological stances. The split opinion in terms of ideology between the two nations can be dated to 1917 during the Bolshevik regime in which the West intervened (Gann, L.H., & Duignan, P. 1996). Within his work, ‘America Faces Russia’, Bailey, (1950) like other traditionalist accounts, would suggest that the blame for the Cold War lies with the Soviet Union and its desire to spread further into Eastern Europe. Furthermore, they argue that the beginning of the Truman term in office witnessed the shift in US diplomatic policies in response to the threat of communism. The combination of these two factors is convincing when claiming the inevitability of the war from the traditionalist perspective. However, the traditionalist school of thought challenges this notion with the view that Stalin’s personality, in addition to his communist ideology would lead to the
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