As he was the king, he had thought that he had the power to make the Scots use English prayer books. The scots were so furious that they decided to fight Charles I instead. This also made him unpopular to the scots as well as the people of England. When the scots had defeated him Charles had to pay lots of tax money which he couldn’t afford. So, Charles had to recall parliament, as only tax voted by parliament got rid of the scots.
In 1213 he collected so much money from taxes that half of all the coins in England were his to spend. By doing this he aggravated the Barons, good Kings consult their Barons when handling big decisions but John didn’t. The facts suggest that the Barons got irritated when John didn’t consult them when important matters were being discussed; this was another long term cause of the rebellion. Another long term cause for the rebellion was the disagreement over the church. In 1205 John was in discrepancy with the Pope over who ought to be the new Archbishop of Canterbury, just like his father had done, John refused to let Stephen Langton, the Pope’s
In terms of Royalist weaknesses, Charles and his personality definitely proved to be one of the most visible. The kings speech defect burdened his communication skills, critical for being a strong leader. Charles' indecisive and stubborn nature meant that he was unwilling to compromise, resulting in the failure to achieve loyalty from his own army combined with Charles' religious orientation made life hard for the Royalists from the start of the first Civil War. Early military failures played another key role in the Royalist defeat for example on the 5th September 1642 when Charles left London to prepare for the first battle of Edgehill. Moreover the battle ended in stalemate and the Royalists progressed on to London.
In 1646, Charles’ hopes of winning the civil war were beyond bleak following the crushing defeating at the battle of Naseby. Curiously however, the majority of the population wanted the reinstatement of Charles. Rule by Parliament’s ruthless County Committees were arguably worse than that endured during Charles’ Personal Rule. After four years of ‘a war without an enemy’ people sought the peace and stability associated with the monarch figurehead: Charles. Additionally, suspicions had risen of radical parliamentarians and the people were reliant on Charles’ return to stop this.
Source 4 agrees with the view that Henry VIII’s foreign policy failed because he lacked the resources to fulfil his aims. From source 4 we can learn that Henry’s allies proved to be dishonest and untrustworthy as they were bribed to go against the treaty they had made with England, “His allies proved unscrupulous and unreliable. Maxamilian and Ferdinand were bribed by the French to disown their treaty obligations to England, leaving Henry to fight alone”. Henry VIII struggled to fight alone and “accepted the fact that royal finances could not support a repetition of the campaign of 1513. So instead of overthrowing the King of France, Henry made peace with him.
Other situations or events that led to problems between the years 1625 and 1629 were the impeachment and then assassination of Buckingham, the Petition of right and the insulting appointment of Wentworth up in the North. The fore mentioned were all problems which can be blamed on Charles but aren’t wholly his fault. The York house and what was discussed in it, cause a problem for Charles. First of all Charles didn’t head up the meeting, and he didn’t allow the archbishop to do it. Instead he chose Buckingham for the job.
However the outdated tax system and James’s spending habits didn't allow him to do so and from this problems arose, the King would often spend extraordinary amounts of money on many things such as jewellery, the royal wardrobe and gifts for his favourite courtiers, the royal wardrobe alone was said to be £36,000 per annum. As the king could not live off his own means this meant that he would often ask parliament for financial aid however parliament were always hesitant because of such royal expenditure, this obviously caused hostility between both parties and with that problems between the two. Linked to this is the Great contract, an idea proposed by Lord salisbury to possibly solve the financial problems that the King and country had. The contract was composed of terms that supposedly would both benefit the crown and benefit parliament, those were that the crown would give up its feudal rights, that parliament would pay a sum per annum to the crown and that also parliament would pay a lump sum initially. In theory this sounds great however the lump sum would only amount to £200,000 and the crown happened to be in £280,000’s worth of debt at the time, so the
Because he did this without parliaments approval parliament got angry. In the beginning the people used to pay at least 97.6% of ship money but by the time it was 1639 no one really cared and only 20% paid. A man called John Hampden stood up to the king and refused to pay ship money, Hampden was put on a trial and found guilty. But everyone else thought he was a hero. In 1637 the Scottish were told by Charles they had to use a new prayer book for their church but the Scottish didn't want to and got angry so they decided to rebel against him.
A MacDonald faced major challenges such as problems between the English and French, ongoing annexation threats from America, as well as large economic issues while holding his position as Prime Minister. Since the beginning, the thought of cultural nationalism seemed impossible due to the French and English relations. Obtaining the physically enormous Rupert’s Land for Canada was essential, but Louis Riel and his French Canadian Métis group reacted violently when their home joined confederation. Although Macdonald peacefully purchased the land from Britain (unlike the American West, acquired through military means), Riel wrote up demands for his colony. When these were denied, the Métis captured the expansionists and murdered one uncooperative member: Thomas Scott.
This law angered the colonists because this impeded them from obtaining new, cheap land. The Proclamation Act was the first act in which Parliament, and the King imposed on the colonies after the prolonged period of salutary neglect. The colonies were affected them because they were not used to the total control/rule of Britain exercised over them. The Navigation Laws of 1650 were now being enforced in the colonies which only allowed commerce through Britain, and controlled items of trade. Restrictions on what colonist manufactured angered the merchants because they were not allowed to produce certain items in the colonies, just as they were prohibited from distributing paper currency, and the ability of having any legislation passed in the assemblies nullified.