To What Extent Was Bismarck a Prussian Nationalist More Than a German Nationalist?

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Nationalism was needed to unify Germany, but Metternich, the Austrian Chancellor of State, suppressed nationalism to prevent the breakup of the Austrian empire. With the downfall of Metternich, Austria was weakened and thus made it easier for Prussia to defeat Austria and gain complete control over the unification process, making a unified Germany under Prussian rule possible. Bismarck formed alliances, obtained land, and used realpolitik which were more policies/actions to support Prussia. However, to a lesser degree, he used the Zollverein, or German Customs Union to exclude Austria from Germany. He, therefore, would be considered more of a Prussian nationalist. As Chancellor of Prussia, Otto von Bismarck, had to create many alliances to ensure the safety of his country. He was able to make strong relationships so that they could serve Prussia while also helping isolate enemies of Bismarck. One such example would be the aid from the Russians during the Polish Revolt in January 1863 by allowing Russian soldiers to pass through Prussia in order to stop the revolts so that he could rely on Russia for support. He also created an alliance with Italy for the Austro-Prussian War, or Seven Weeks War by promising them Venetia if they helped divide Austria’s army. However, he used this alliance as a way for France to be without an ally during the Franco-Prussian War in 1870. The Schleswig-Holstein Affair allowed Bismarck to take over Austria and obtain land for united Germany in which King Fredrick Wilhelm I could rule over. He was able to obtain Schleswig-Holstein by creating an alliance with Austria, just as a way to stop jealousy in Austria to stop the Dutch from taking over; they were successful. When the war was over, Austria received Schleswig and Prussia received Holstein. Bismarck then ordered an attack causing the Austro-Prussian War and soon allowed
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