Importance of Social Bonds By definition exhibiting a behavior that breaks a norm, or rule, placed upon you by society, your situation, or those around you, is deviant. The same behavior could be considered deviant for one person and not another. It depends upon the person in the situation, when and where it’s taking place, and those around who know what’s happening. There are two major viewpoints of deviance, each having many theories to explain it. The humanist approach doesn’t describe deviance as a behavior, rather defining it by the reaction and it being a subjective experience.
M3. Explain why conformity and obedience are important in the public services, with reference to research studies. Conformity and obedience are forms of social influence which strongly affect our behaviour is social situations, from following fashions and unwritten social norms which organise our behaviour, to committing immoral acts because we are commanded to by someone who appears to be in a position of authority. This essay looks at the similarities and differences between the three, looking specifically at the factors that influence each two. Conformity within a group entails members changing their attitudes and beliefs in order to match those of others within the group.
On the other hand, questionnaires tend to be used by sociologists as they provide less ethical issues than other research methods. Interpretivists say that questionnaires are more likely to impose the researcher’s own meanings rather than revealing what the respondents’ actual
Thinking about it more, I realized that hate-crimes legislation doesn't aim to punish the actual crime, but rather the motive (or thoughts) behind it. That's smacks of being more than a little Orwellian to me, besides being something that's very difficult to prove. If someone is continually spouting hateful speech, there's a pretty good chance you can figure out that their motive for a crime might be related to that hate. But what about someone who doesn't give any
Another difference with the two is that sociology uses survey and correlational research mostly but social psychology understands the importance of experimental research as well (Myers, 2010). However, clinical psychology relies heavily on experimental research just like social psychology in order to verify hypotheses. Than general psychology or known as personality psychology is different than social psychology because they focus on the individual instead of the impact that people have on each other. In order to sum everything up sociology would be on the left for social psychology because of the focus on social interactions, clinical psychology would be to the right of social psychology because of their use of experimental research, and personality psychology would be in the main of social psychology because both want an understanding of people as
It does however explain why some people or actions are described as deviant, and can help in understanding crime and deviance. According to item A labelling has changed the theoretical base for the study of criminals. Becker emphasises the significance of crime being a social construct; an action only becomes criminal or deviant once society has labelled it so, and that crime can be argued to be a social construction. He introduced the concept of a master label, referring to the label which a person is given which overrides all other labels. When a person is labelled as negatively, society tends to tend them as such, and this master label often becomes internalised, and then a self-fulfilling prophecy occurs.
This is an example of informational social influence, which is the tendency to depend on others as a source of information, based on the desire to be correct (Baron & Branscombe, 2009, p.262). Public compliance, on the other hand, does not necessarily believe private attitudes and beliefs. Conformity, therefore involves outwardly (change in behaviour) and inwardly (thoughts and emotion) agreeing, while compliance involves merely outwardly agreeing but maintaining your own personal views. Since conformity involves agreeing to a crowd, and compliance involves agreeing to an expected standard, it can be said that there is more choice to conform than there is to
Much behaviour that was seen as deviant in the past has today become a criminal offence, as with crime behaviour seen as criminal is now seen as deviant. Deviance can be criminal or non-criminal, but crime is always criminal in nature. Deviance is not considered as severe as a crime. The punishment of being deviant is not as harsh as an act of crime. Deviance is not breaking the law like crime; it is moving away from a set of standards established by society the social norms.
It’s said that personality traits are not the only factors that control an individual’s behavior; situations are important as well. Some situations will make a person more or less shy, open, careful or friendly, and more or less dominate this is because situations are varied according to the people who are present and implicit rules that apply (Prince & Bouafford. 1974: Wagerman & Funder, 2007. Funder pg 118) The dominate and the submissive for individual differences has zero value for a trait only a continuum at measuring how people differ from one another. The trait approach assumes that people are their traits, yet dominate and submissive shows that people are unpredictable and it’s all conditional on what is going on at the time of the situation.
He states that law enforcers think that they would be more accurate in targeting a suspicious group, but in reality, what happens is the total opposite wherein officials have inaccurate results in targeting the suspect—Race Relations. He stated in one of his books evidence proving that the success rate of racial profiling is lower than behavioral